Websites

New York: A Documentary Film Online
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/
Visit the Web site created for the first seven episodes of Ric Burns' epic series, New York: A Documentary Film. Access a timeline of New York history, bonus interview clips, and Learning Adventures in Citizenship, an educational website presenting activities for kids.

The Sonic Memorial Project
http://sonicmemorial.org/sonic/public/index.html
This Peabody Award-winning collaborative project collects audio resources related to the World Trade Center. Listen online to "Stories of Love and Marriage atop the World Trade Center," "Mohawk Ironworkers at the Twin Towers," or hundreds of personal or historic audio artifacts memorializing the World Trade Center.

Lower Manhattan: Looking Back and Moving Forward
http://www.albany.edu/mumford/wtc/
The Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research at the State University of New York at Albany presents diverse points of view on this website to explore the new realities of urban life following the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The site includes essays, photographs, links to other sites, and commentary by historians, journalists, and citizens.

WTC: Monument
http://www.skyscraper.org/EXHIBITIONS/WTC_MONUMENT/wtcmonument.htm#
The Skyscraper Museum and the New-York Historical Society teamed up to present this online exhibition on the World Trade Center, including historical and aerial photos, architectural models from the building process, and commentary on tall buildings, Lower Manhattan, engineering and more.

Great Buildings Online: the World Trade Center
http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/World_Trade_Center.html
Explore a collection of historic World Trade Center photographs and satellite images, along with information about the towers' architecture.

NOVA: Why the Towers Fell
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/wtc/
NOVA investigates the World Trade Center's collapse from a scientific perspective, presenting information on how and why the buildings did not withstand the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

World Trade Center "Bathtub": From Genesis to Armageddon
http://www.nae.edu/
The National Academy of Engineering presents this paper by George J. Tamaro describing the "bathtub" foundation of the World Trade Center.

Frontline: Faith and Doubt at Ground Zero
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/faith/
Explore how the terrorist attacks of September 11 affected notions of God, of evil, and of the potential for darkness within religion itself. This Frontline Web site includes interviews, video excerpts, and an online discussion.

America Rebuilds: A Year at Ground Zero
http://www.pbs.org/americarebuilds
Another PBS site documents rescue work at Ground Zero and features a gallery of artifacts, video stories, visitors' comments, and more.

Building Big: Skyscrapers
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/skyscraper/index.html
This PBS Web site explores the world's greatest skyscrapers. The interactive Loads Lab provides hands-on explanations of how big buildings withstand the forces that act on them.

Manhattan Timeformations
http://www.skyscraper.org/timeformations/intro.html
Architect Brian McGrath's ambitious mapping project, made in collaboration with Carol Willis and the Skyscraper Museum, documents Manhattan's skyscraper districts through time, using computer models and interactive animation.

Books

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: America's Global Cities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

Baudrillard, Jean. The Spirit of Terrorism and Requiem for the Twin Towers. New York: Verso, 2002.

Bernstein, Richard, and the staff of the New York Times. Out of the Blue: the Story of September 11, 2001, from Jihad to Ground Zero. New York: Times Books, 2002.

Berrol, Selma. The Empire City: New York and Its People, 1624-1996. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1997.

Blaser, Werner. Mies van der Rohe. 6th expanded and revised edition. Basel, Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1997.

Bleecker, Samuel E. The Politics of Architecture: A Perspective on Nelson A. Rockefeller. New York: Rutledge Press, 1981.

Bone, Kevin, ed. The New York Waterfront: Evolution and Building Culture of the Port and Harbor. New York: The Monacelli Press, 1997.

Burns, Ric, and James Sanders, with Lisa Ades. New York: An Illustrated History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Burrows, Edwin G., and Mike Wallace. Gotham: a History of New York City to 1898 . New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Cohen, Paul E. and Robert T. Augustyn. Manhattan in Maps, 1527-1995. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1997.

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Tall Building Criteria and Loading. Group coordinators, Leslie E. Robertson, Takeo Naka. Group editors, Edwin H. Gaylord, Rowland J. Mainstone. Group secretary, Le-Wu Lu. New York: American Society of Civil Engineers, 1980.

Darton, Eric. Divided We Stand: A Biography of New York's World Trade Center. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

Ferguson, Niall. The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World, 1700-2000. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

----. Empire: the Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power. New York: Basic Books, 2003.

Fitch, Robert. The Assassination of New York. New York: Verso, 1993.

Foner, Nancy, ed. New Immigrants in New York. Revised edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Giedion, Sigfried. Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Giglierano, Geoffrey, Peter A. Rothenberg, et al. FDNY: An Illustrated History of the Fire Department of New York. Odyssey Publications, 2003.

Gillespie, Angus Kress. Twin Towers: The Life of New York City's World Trade Center. Revised edition. New York: New American Library, 2002.

Goldberger, Paul. The Skyscraper. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Golway, Terry. So Others Might Live: A History of New York's Bravest -- the FDNY from 1700 to the Present. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

Goodwin, Maud Wilder. Historic New York, During Two Centuries. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1898.

Hall, George, and Thomas K. Wanstall. FDNY: New York's Bravest!. Squarebooks, Inc., 1984.

Homberger, Eric. The Historical Atlas of New York City. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1994.

Huxtable, Ada Louise. Will They Ever Finish Bruckner Boulevard?. New York: Macmillan, 1970.

Inside 9-11: What Really Happened. By the reporters, writers and editors of Der Spiegel magazine. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2002.

Isaacson, Walter, and Evan Thomas. The Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made: Acheson, Bohlen, Harriman, Kennan, Lovett, McCloy. London, Boston: Faber and Faber, 1986.

Hatje, Gerd, ed. Encyclopedia of Modern Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1964.

Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. The Encyclopedia of New York City. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1995.

Jackson, Kenneth T., and David S. Dunbar, eds. Empire City: New York Through the Centuries. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Jencks, Charles. Modern Movements In Architecture. Garden City, New York: Anchor Press, 1973.

Koch, Karl, with Richard Firstman. Men of Steel: the Story of the Family that Built the World Trade Center. New York: Crown Publishers, 2002.

Langewiesche, William. American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center. New York: North Point Press, 2002.

Lopate, Philip, ed. Writing New York: A Literary Anthology. New York: Library of America: Distributed in the U.S. by Penguin Putnam, 1998.

Mackay, Donald A. The Building of Manhattan. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1987.

Mollenkopf, John Hull, ed. Power Culture and Place: Essays on New York City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1988.

Petit, Philippe. To Reach the Clouds: My High Wire Walk Between the Twin Towers. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002.

Picciotto, Richard, with Daniel Paisner. Last Man Down: A Firefighter's Story of Survival and Escape from the World Trade Center. New York: Berkley Books, 2002.

Protetch, Max. A New World Trade Center: Design Proposals from Leading Architects Worldwide. New York: Regan Books, 2002.

Regional Plan Association (New York, N. Y.). The Lower Hudson: A Report of the Second Regional Plan. New York: Regional Plan Association, December 1966.

Sassen, Saskia. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Second edition. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Schneider, Edwin F. A Fire Chief Remembers: Tales of the FDNY. New Albany, Indiana: Fire Buff House, 1992.

Scully, Vincent J. Modern Architecture: the Architecture of Democracy. Revised edition. New York: George Braziller, 1974.

----. American Architecture and Urbanism. Revised edition. New York: Henry Holt, 1988.

Shefter, Martin, ed. Capital of the American Century: The National and International Influence of New York City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1993.

Skinner, Peter. World Trade Center -- The Giant that Defied the Sky. New York: MetroBooks, 2002.

Smith, Dennis. Report from Ground Zero. New York: Viking, 2002.

Stern, Robert A. M. New York 1960: Architecture and Urbanism Between the Second World War and the Bicentennial. New York: Monacelli Press, 1995.

Vergara, Camilo José. Twin Towers Remembered. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton Architectural Press, 2001.

Von Essen, Thomas, Giuliani, Rudolph W., Hendra, T., McCourt, Frank. BROTHERHOOD. American Express Publishing

Von Essen, Thomas. In the Line of Duty: A Tribute to New York's Finest and Bravest. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2001.

Wallace, Mike. A New Deal for New York. New York: Bell & Weiland Publishers, 2002.

Willis, Carol, ed. The Lower Manhattan Plan. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2002.

Papers and Articles

"9.11.01 Historical Perspectives." Downloadable PDF papers by Max Page, Eric Darton, Mike Wallace, Robert Fitch, Rosemary Scanlon, Frank Branconi, and Peter Skinner. Gotham Center for New York City History. 12 August 2003. .

"The Recommendations for Rebuilding 564 Acre District of Lower Manhattan." The New York Times, October 15, 1958.

"Downtown Approved by City." The New York Times, January 23, 1959.

"World Trade Center." Port Authority Tow Line, Winter 1970.

"The World Trade Center. " New York Times Advertisement Magazine, February 28, 1971.

"Revolutionary Dinosaur: The World Trade Center." New York Times Magazine, August 6, 1972.

Iglaver, Edith. "The Biggest Foundation." The New Yorker, November 4, 1972.

"The World Trade Center: Before, During & After." New York Review of Books, March 28, 2002.

"Dispatchers Still Haunted by Voices of Sept. 11." The New York Times, April 17, 2002.

Nagourney, Adam. "Re-Imagining a Downtown." The New York Times, May 10, 2002.

Avlon, J. P. "The City's First Line of Defense Against Terror." New York Sun, May 30, 2002.

Barry, Dan. "Where the Twin Towers Stood, A Silent Goodbye" The New York Times, May 31, 2002.

"Do We Know How to Remember 9/11?" The New Republic, September 2, 2002.

"How to Remember" and "Not Enough Has Changed." National Review, September 16, 2002.

"Yamasaki's WTC Boasted an Embattled, Remarkable History" and "WTC's Robust Towers Succumb to Terrorism."Architectural Record, October 2002.

My American Experience

My American Experience photos

Share Your Story

How did you first learn of the September 11 attacks? Do you remember what you were doing when the Twin Towers fell? What did it mean to you? Do you have specific memories of that day?



  • Additional funding for this program was provided by

  • Rosalind P. Walter
  • New York Times
  • The Overbrook Foundation