Annie Oakley Filmed by Thomas Edison 
This historic film from the Library of Congress not only documents Annie Oakley's prowess with her rifle; it also is one of the earliest motion pictures in existence, made by Thomas Edison in 1894.

The Annie Oakley Foundation
Read an essay written by Annie Oakley's grand-niece on the site of this Greenville, Ohio-based foundation.

The Annie Oakley Show
Get information on the 1950s TV show that introduced the legend of Annie Oakley to a new generation of American girls.

Annie Get Your Gun presents a synopsis of the 1946 musical based on the life of Annie Oakley. The musical featured such classic Irving Berlin tunes as "There's No Business Like Show Business," "Anything You Can Do," and "You Can't Get a Man With a Gun."

National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame
This Fort Worth, Texas institution inducted Annie Oakley into its Cowgirl Hall of Fame in 1984. The site offers resources including useful bibliographies for elementary and middle-school reading levels. Search: Oakley

Buffalo Bill's Autobiography
Project Gutenberg presents a free, downloadable copy of Buffalo Bill Cody's autobiography, published in 1879.

Buffalo Bill Historical Center
The Web site of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center provides biographies of William Cody, Annie Oakley and others. Get information on the Wild West, firearms, Plains Indians, Western art and Yellowstone ecosystems.

Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave, Golden, Colorado
Read and play trivia games about Buffalo Bill's life, and find out about a buffalo herd maintained a short distance from downtown Denver.

Denver Public Library Photography Collection
The library's Western History and Genealogy Department presents galleries of photos documenting the development of the West, including this one of favorite images of Buffalo Bill Cody, Annie Oakley, and the Wild West Shows. Don't miss the picture of Cody and a group of Native Americans in a Venetian gondola!

Autry National Center Online Collections
This Los Angeles-based center, comprising the Southwest Museum of the American Indian, the Museum of the American West, and the Women of the West Museum, offers an online collections search. Find pictures and descriptions of artifacts relating to Annie Oakley and other Western legends.

University of Oklahoma Library, Western History Collections
The University of Oklahoma Library presents online collections including this interesting group of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Novels, with colorful covers and titles like "Wild Bill to the Rescue" and "The Prairie Hercules." The library also offers a browsable catalog of Native American manuscript resources.

American Experience: Ansel Adams
Learn about the famous photographer who documented some of the American West's untamed corners -- and fought for their protection.


Appelbaum, Stanley. The Chicago World's Fair of 1893. New York: Dover Publications, 1980.

Baldwin, Dick. The Road to Yesterday: A Collection of Old Trapshooting Stories. Danbury, CT: Middle River Cowboys Press, 2005.

The Brooklyn Museum of Art. Buffalo Bill and the Wild West. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1981.

Carter, Robert A. Buffalo Bill Cody: The Man Behind the Legend. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000.

Connell, Evan S. Son of the Morning Star: Custer and the Little Bighorn. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1984.

Csida, Joseph and June. American Entertainment: A Unique History of Popular Show Business. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1978.

Fees, Paul and Sarah E. Boehme. Frontier America: Art and Treasures of the Old West from the Buffalo Bill Historical Center. New York: The Buffalo Bill Historical Center in association with Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1988.

Fixico, Donald L., ed. Rethinking American Indian History. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.

Havighurst, Walter. Annie Oakley of the Wild West. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

Kasper, Shirl. Annie Oakley. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Kasson, Joy S. Buffalo Bill's Wild West: Celebrity, Memory, and Popular History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2000.

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City. New York: Random House, 2003.

Macy, Sue. Bull's Eye. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2001.

McMurtry, Larry. The Colonel and Little Missie: Buffalo Bill, Annie Oakley, and the Beginnings of Superstardom in America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Riley, Glenda. The Life and Legacy of Annie Oakley. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Riley, Glenda and Richard Etulain, eds. By Grit & Grace: Eleven Women Who Shaped the American West. Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing, 1997.

Russell, Don. The Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960.

----. The Wild West: A History of the Wild West Shows. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1970.

Sayers, Isabelle S. Annie Oakley and Buffalo Bill's Wild West. New York: Dover Publications, 1981.

Stange, Mary Zeiss. Gun Women: Firearms and Feminism in Contemporary America. New York: New York University Press, 2000.

----. Woman the Hunter. Boston: Beacon Press, 1997.

Wilson, R. L. Buffalo Bill's Wild West. New York: Random House, 1997.

----. Silk and Steel: Women at Arms. New York: Random House, 2003.

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The legend of the Wild West has been played out in American Popular culture since the start of westward expansion. The real-life people who helped tame the west would shape the western heroes celebrated in film and television for decades.

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