From the earliest days of Silicon Valley to more contemporary pioneers of technological innovation, here is a collection of further reading materials from AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, as well as other additional resources. We have organized the websites by type, and you will find a select list of books at the bottom of the page.
Silicon Valley History Online
Several libraries involved with the Silicon Valley Local History Network launched this collaborative website to put 1,000 historical images online, including photographs, maps, letters, manuscripts, scrapbooks, etc.
Silicon Valley Historical Association
This website features clips from documentary films, oral histories and an online archive about the history of Silicon Valley, made available by the Silicon Valley Historical Association.
The Computer History Museum Online Exhibits
The Computer History Museum offers many online exhibits featuring materials from their collections.
Intel Museum: Robert Noyce, Statesman of Silicon Valley
This online exhibit explores Intel's leader and co-founder, Robert Noyce. It features a timeline, videos and related material.
This PBS program's website features a timeline and information about the history of the transistor and technological innovation from 1898 - 2000.
NOVA Interview with Steve Jobs
PBS's NOVA series interviewed the late Steve Jobs May 14, 1990, one of the few videotaped interviews with him that exist.
Silicon Genesis: An Oral History of Semiconductor Technology
Collected and made available by Stanford University, Silicon Genesis is a collection of oral history interviews about Silicon Valley.
The Silicon Engine: A Timeline of Semiconductors in Computers
This timeline from the Computer History Museum provides detailed information on major milestones in the development of semiconductors, 1833-1979.
Intel Timeline: A History of Innovation
This corporate timeline from Intel traces the big moments in the company's history, from its founding in 1968 to its ongoing business today.
Fairchild Semiconductor History
When William Shockley founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1955, he began a technological revolution that would transform California's Santa Clara Valley. This Fairchild timeline follows the company's history through the present day.
The Birth of Silicon Valley
This timeline from NPR charts the key moments in technology and venture capital that shaped Silicon Valley, 1938-1971.
The History of Silicon Valley
This timeline and accompanying photo gallery note the chief developments in the history of Silicon Valley, from Charles Herrold's school for radio engineers in 1909 to the current popularity of Facebook and social networking.
A Timeline of Silicon Valley
This detailed timeline notes major events that occurred in the Bay Area, as well as those that affected the development of computers generally.
Bassett, Ross K. To the Digital Age: Research Labs, Start-Up Companies, and the Rise of MOS Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Berlin, Leslie. . The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley. . New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Braun, Ernest, and Stuart Macdonald. Revolution in Miniature: The History and Impact of Semiconductor Electronics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.
Brock, David C, and Gordon E. Moore. Understanding Moore's Law: Four Decades of Innovation. Philadelphia, Pa: Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2006.
Cringely, Robert X. Accidental Empires: How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date. New York: HarperBusiness, 1996.
Gertner, Jon. The Idea Factory: Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation. New York: Penguin Press, 2012.
Gilder, George F. Microcosm: The Quantum Revolution in Economics and Technology. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.
Grove, Andrew S. Swimming Across: A Memoir. New York, NY: Warner Books, 2001.
Hanson, Dirk. The New Alchemists: Silicon Valley and the Microelectronics Revolution. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1982.
Isaacson, Walter. Steve Jobs. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
Kaplan, David A. The Silicon Boys and Their Valley of Dreams. New York: William Morrow, 1999.
Kenney, Martin. Understanding Silicon Valley: The Anatomy of an Entrepreneurial Region. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Lécuyer, Christophe, and David C. Brock. Makers of the Microchip: A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2010.
Lécuyer, Christophe. Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930-1970. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006.
Malone, Michael S. The Big Score: The Billion-Dollar Story of Silicon Valley. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1985.
Malone, Michael S. The Valley of Heart's Delight: A Silicon Valley Notebook, 1963-2001. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
Malone, Michael S. Bill & Dave: How Hewlett and Packard Built the World's Greatest Company. New York, N.Y: Portfolio, 2007.
Mindell, David A. Digital Apollo: Human and Machine in Spaceflight. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008.
Pellow, David Naguib, and Lisa Sun-Hee Park. The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy. New York: New York University Press, 2002.
Reid, T.R. The Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2001.
Riordan, Michael, and Lillian Hoddeson. Crystal Fire: The Invention of the Transistor and the Birth of the Information Age. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1998.
Rogers, Everett M., and Judith K. Larsen. Silicon Valley Fever: Growth of High-Technology Culture. New York: Basic Books, 1984.
Saxenian, AnnaLee. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Shurkin, Joel N. Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley, Creator of the Electronic Age. London: Macmillan, 2006.
Sporck, Charles E, and Richard L. Molay. Spinoff: A Personal History of the Industry That Changed the World. Saranac Lake, NY: Saranac Lake Pub, 2001.
Starr, Kevin. Golden Dreams: California in an Age of Abundance, 1950-1963. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Tedlow, Richard S. Andy Grove: The Life and Times of an American. New York, N.Y: Portfolio, 2006.
Tedlow, Richard S. Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Innovators and the Empires They Built. New York: HarperBusiness, 2001.
Wolfe, Tom. "The Tinkerings of Robert Noyce: How the Sun Rose on the Silicon Valley." Esquire Magazine Dec. 1983: 346-74.
The evocative stories of teenage hoboes crisscrossing America on trains during the Great Depression.
Robert E. Lee, the leading Confederate general of the American Civil War, remains a source of fascination and, for some, veneration.
America's first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, wrote 200 songs but died a penniless alcoholic at 37.
America's first First Lady defined the role of the President's wife and in the process changed the face of the American presidency.
A man who symbolized African American equality fought a proponent of Hitler's Aryan racial theories on the eve of World War II.
The history of New York City and the people and forces that have shaped it over the past 400 years is told in a seven-part 14.5-hour series.
A historic effort to shatter the foundations of white supremacy in what was one of the nation’s most viciously racist, segregated states.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company accomplished an enormous engineering feat, but destroyed a great architectural monument.