War of the Worlds Invasion: the historical perspective
From John Gosling, author of Waging the War of the Worlds, and consultant on the American Experience documentary War of the Worlds, this site has information about the book, the radio broadcast, and the popular culture of The War of the Worlds.

wellesnet: the orson welles web resource
A source of information about the life, work, and career of Orson Welles. Find news, videos, audio, and photos, as well as additional related links.

Orson Welles
A comprehensive biography of Orson Welles includes information about his early life, major projects, famous quotes, political beliefs, and death. 

Orson Welles at the Wisconsin Historical Society
A condensed biography of Orson Welles from the Wisconsin Historical Society. 

BBC Radio, The Riot That Never Was
Twelve years before Welles' broadcast, the BBC sparked its own panic with a similar incident called the Knox Riot. It was a 12-minute report of a riot in London filled with murder, and it was a complete hoax. 

Radiolab: War of the Worlds
From WNYC/NPR's Radiolab, this podcast examines The War of the Worlds and the power of mass media to create panic. Listen to stories about hoaxes broadcast in Santiago, Chile, and Buffalo, New York, as well as a 1949 rendition in Quito, Ecuador, where a translation of Welles' broadcast resulted in a riot that burned down the radio studio, killing at least seven people.



Brown, Robert J. Manipulating The Ether: The Power of Broadcast Radio in Thirties America. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2004.

Campbell, W. Joseph. Getting It Wrong: Ten of the Greatest Misreported Stories in American Journalism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Cantril, Hadley, Howard Koch, Hazel Gaudet, Herta Herzog, and H. G. Wells. The Invasion from Mars: A Study in the Psychology of Panic. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1940.

Crossley, Robert. Imagining Mars: A Literary History. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 2011.

Douglas, Susan J.. Listening In: Radio and the American Imagination. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Goodman, David. Radio's Civic Ambition: American Broadcasting and Democracy in the 1930s. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Gosling, John, and Howard Koch. Waging The War of the Worlds: A History of the 1938 Radio Broadcast and Resulting Panic, Including the Original Script. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2009.

Heyer, Paul. The Medium and the Magician: Orson Welles, the Radio Years, 1934-1952. Lanham, MD.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

Hilmes, Michele. Radio Voices: American Broadcasting, 1922-1952. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Holmsten, Brian, and Alex Lubertozzi. The Complete War of the Worlds: Mars' Invasion of Earth from H.G. Wells to Orson Welles. Naperville, Ill.: Sourcebooks MediaFusion, 2001.

Houseman, John. Unfinished Business: Memoirs, 1902-1988. New York: Applause Theatre Books, 1989.

Jackaway, Gwenyth L.. Media At War: Radio's Challenge to the Newspapers, 1924-1939. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995.

Koch, Howard. The Panic Broadcast: Portrait of an Event. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1970.

Lears,  Jackson. Rebirth of a Nation: The Making of Modern America, 1877-1920. New York: Harper Perennial, 2010.

Lenthall, Bruce. Radio's America: The Great Depression and the Rise of Modern Mass Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Miller, Edward D.. Emergency Broadcasting and 1930s American Radio. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003.

Rabkin, Eric S.. Mars: A Tour of the Human Imagination. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers, 2005.

Ropeik, David. How Risky Is It, Really?: Why Our Fears Don't Always Match the Facts. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010.

Sconce, Jeffrey. Haunted Media: Electronic Presence from Telegraphy to Television. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000.

Welles, Orson, Peter Bogdanovich, and Jonathan Rosenbaum. This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.


Magazine Articles:

Houseman, John, “The Men From Mars”.  Harper’s Monthly, December, 1948. 



Robert Crossley. “Percival Lowell and the History of Mars.” The Massachusetts Review. Vol. 41. No 3, Autumn 2000. 297-318.

Paul Heyer. “America Under Attack I: A Reassessment of Orson Welles’ 1938 War of the Worlds Broadcast." Canadian Journal of Communication. Volume 28, 2003: 149-165.

Michael J. Socolow.The Hyped Panic Over 'War of the Worlds." Chronicle of Higher Education. Vol. 55.  Issue 9. October 24, 2008: 35.



Schwartz, A. Brad. The War of the Worlds Letters: Orson Welles, Fake News, and American Democracy in the Golden Age of Radio. BA Thesis. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 2012. Print.

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