The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
This 11-hour series analyzes the costs and consequences of the war that changed a generation and continues to color American thinking today.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
A nation comes of age.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.