The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
In the early 1830s, Texas, ruled by Mexico, held 20,000 U.S. settlers and 4,000 Mexican Tejanos, forcing residents to pick sides.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
In 1960, Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.