The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
An American Communist family that had fled to Moscow in the late 1920s, return to America in 1935 but can not bring their 5-year-old son.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops invaded Normandy, fighting to free Europe from Nazi occupation and end World War II.
With the clock ticking and the city under fire how many could be saved?
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.
While the U.N. debated strategies for control of atomic energy, the U.S. Navy was preparing for nuclear tests on Bikini Island.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.