Alexander Hamilton | Article

## Take the Citizenship Test

Alexander Hamilton developed the ideas of government and economy that are some of the core essentials of American citizenship. Immigrants to the U.S. who wish to become citizens must demonstrate a working knowledge of American government and history.

See how you do with some of the questions a petitioning citizen must answer.

A score of six out of ten is required to become a citizen. Good luck!

Test your knowledge of the U.S.

What country did we fight during the Revolutionary War?
A. France
C. England

A. No. American colonists rebelled against
B. No. American colonists rebelled against
C. Right. American colonists rebelled against

Who elects the president of the United States?
A. The electoral college
B. The citizens of the United States
C. The U.S. Congress

Answer: A. The electoral college

A. Right. Voters choose their electoral delegates when they vote for president and vice president. The electoral delegates from all the states vote to decide who will be president.
B. No. Voters choose their electoral delegates when they vote for president and vice president. The electoral delegates from all the states vote to decide who will be president.
C. No. Voters choose their electoral delegates when they vote for president and vice president. The electoral delegates from all the states vote to decide who will be president. Congress certifies their votes.

How many states are there in the Union?
A. 48
B. 50
C. 52

A. No. Alaska and Hawaii joined the Union in 1959 bringing the number of states to 50.
B. Right. Alaska and Hawaii joined the Union in 1959 bringing the number of states to 50.
C. No. Alaska and Hawaii joined the Union in 1959 bringing the number of states to 50. There are 52 cards in a deck, though.

Why are there 100 Senators in the Senate?
A. Two from each state
B. There are 100 seats on the Senate floor.
C. The Constitution says that there should be 100 Senators.

Answer: A. Two from each state

A. Right. This was defined by the Constitution.
B. No. There may be 100 seats but that is because the Constitution proscribed two from each state.
C. No. In 1850 when there were XX states in the Union there were XX senators.

What is the name of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America?
A. The Mayflower
B. Old Ironsides
C. The Santa Maria

Answer: A. The Mayflower

A. Right. The 180-ton sailing ship The Mayflower carried 37 pilgrims to Plimoth in December 1620.
B. No. Old Ironsides, or more formally the U.S.S. Constitution, is one of the first naval frigates launched in 1797.
C. No. The 180-ton sailing ship The Mayflower carried 37 pilgrims to Plimoth in December 1620.

Which president freed the slaves?
A. George Washington
B. Abraham Lincoln
C. James Monroe

Answer: B. Abraham Lincoln.

A. No. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.
B. Right. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.
C. No. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.

When President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, it brought about enormous social changes. Whose rights are quaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?

A. Citizens of the United States
B. People living in North America
C. Everyone (citizens and non-citizens) living in U.S.

Answer: C. Everyone (citizens and non-citizens) living in U.S.

A. No. Everyone living in the U.S. (citizens and non-citizens) are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
B. No. Everyone living in the U.S. (citizens and non-citizens) are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
C. Right. Everyone living in the U.S. (citizens and non-citizens) are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Who is the Commander in Chief of the U.S. military?
A. The General of the Army
B. The President
C. The Secretary of Defense

Answer: B. The President

A. No, that's not right. Beginning with George Washington, the president has been the Commander in chief.
B. That's right. Beginning with George Washington, the president has been the Commander in chief.
C. No, that's not right. Beginning with George Washington, the president has been the Commander in chief.

What is the national anthem of the United States?

A. America the Beautiful
B. The Battle Hymn of the Republic
C. The Star Spangled Banner

Answer: C. The Star Spangled Banner

A. No, that's not right. Congress made the Star Spangled Banner the U.S. national anthem in 1931.
B. No, that's not right. Congress made the Star Spangled Banner the U.S. national anthem in 1931.
C. Right! Congress made the Star Spangled Banner the U.S. national anthem in 1931.

What is a minimum voting age in the United States?
A. Eighteen (18)
B. Twenty-one (21)
C. Twenty (20)

Answer: A. Eighteen (18)

A. Gold Star! You are correct. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution in 1971 lowered the voting age for federal and state election from 21 to 18.
B. No, that's not right. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution in 1971 lowered the voting age for federal and state election from 21 to 18.
C. No, that's not right. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution in 1971 lowered the voting age for federal and state election from 21 to 18.

Which president is called the "father of our country
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. George H.W. Bush
C. George Washington

Answer: C. George Washington

A. No, that's not right. Commander in Chief in the American Revolution and first president George Washington is known as "the father of our country."
B. No, that's not right. Commander in Chief in the American Revolution and first president George Washington is known as "the father of our country."
C. You are right! Commander in Chief in the American Revolution and first president George Washington is known as "the father of our country."

Where does the freedom of speech come from?
A. The Ten Commandments
B. The Fourth Estate
C. The Bill of Rights

Answer: C. The Bill of Rights

A. No, that's not right. The American right to freedom of speech is granted in the first amendment in the Bill of Rights.
B. No, that's not right. The American right to freedom of speech is granted in the first amendment in the Bill of Rights.
C. Right! The American right to freedom of speech is granted in the first amendment in the Bill of Rights.

Who signs bills inlaw?
A. The President
B. The Congress
C. The Supreme Court

Answer: A. The President

A. Gold Star! You are correct. After Congress votes and passes bills, the president signs them into law.
B. No, that's not right. After Congress votes and passes bills, the president signs them into law.
C. No, that's not right. After Congress votes and passes bills, the president signs them into law.

For how long do we elect the president?
A. Eight years
B. Two years
C. Four years

Answer: C. Four years

A. No, that's not right. According to Article 2 of the Constitution, the president is elected to a four-year term.
B. No, that's not right. According to Article 2 of the Constitution, the president is elected to a four-year term.
c. You are right! According to Article 2 of the Constitution, the president is elected to a four-year term.

What do we call a change to the Constitution?
A. An Amendment
B. A Ratification
C. A High Court Ruling

Answer: A. An Amendment

A. Right! Changes to the Constitution are called Amendments. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791.
B. No, that's not right. Changes to the Constitution are called Amendments. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791.
C. No, that's not right. Changes to the Constitution are called Amendments. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791.

How many branches are there in our government?
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4

A. No, that's not right. The framers of the Constitution established a system of check and balances by creating three branches of government.
B. Gold Star! You are correct. The framers of the Constitution established a system of check and balances by creating three branches of government.
C. No, that's not right. The framers of the Constitution established a system of check and balances by creating three branches of government.

In what month is the new president inaugurated?

A. March
B. November
C. January

A. No, that's not right. Since 1937 newly elected presidents have celebrated their inaugurations in January.
B. No, that's not right. Since 1937 newly elected presidents have celebrated their inaugurations in January.
C. You are right! Since 1937 newly elected presidents have celebrated their inaugurations in January.

Name the right guaranteed by the first amendment?

A. Freedom of: speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of the government.
B. The right to bear arms.
C. The right to Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness

Answer: A. Freedom of: speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of the government.

A. Right! The first amendment, drafted by James Madison, guarantees the fundamental rights of freedom of speech, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of the government.
B. No, that's not right. The first amendment, drafted by James Madison, guarantees the fundamental rights of freedom of speech, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of the government.
C. No, that's not right. The first amendment, drafted by James Madison, guarantees the fundamental rights of freedom of speech, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of the government.

Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?

A. Betsy Ross
B. Francis Scott Key
C. John Philip Sousa

Answer: B. Francis Scott Key

A. No, that's not right. In 1814, after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key wrote the words to the song that became the national anthem.
B. Gold Star! You are correct. In 1814, after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key wrote the words to the song that became the national anthem.
C. No, that's not right. In 1814, after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key wrote the words to the song that became the national anthem.

Who was president during the Civil War?

A. James Buchanan
B. Woodrow Wilson
C. Abraham Lincoln

Answer: C. Abraham Lincoln

A. No, that's not right. The Civil War began in 1861 not long after Abraham Lincoln became president.
B. No, that's not right. The Civil War began in 1861 not long after Abraham Lincoln became president.
C. Correct! The Civil War began in 1861 not long after Abraham Lincoln became president.

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
A. Freed many slaves
B. Ended the Civil War
C. Emancipated Southern states

Answer: A. Freed many slaves.

A. Right! In January 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in Confederate states, two years before the end of the Civil War.
B. No, that's not right. In January 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in Confederate states, two years before the end of the Civil War.
C. No, that's not right. In January 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in Confederate states, two years before the end of the Civil War.

What special group advises the president?

A. The Congress
B. The Party Caucus
C. The Cabinet

Answer: C. The Cabinet

A. No, that's not right. The Cabinet, made up of the heads of the executive branch departments, advises the president on their respective areas.
B. No, that's not right. The Cabinet, made up of the heads of the executive branch departments, advises the president on their respective areas.
C. Gold Star! You are correct. The Cabinet, made up of the heads of the executive branch departments, advises the president on their respective areas.

What is the legislative branch of our government?
A. The Supreme Court
B. The Congress
C. The Senate

Answer: B. The Congress

A. No, that's not right. The Senate and the House of Representatives, together known as Congress, make up the legislative branch of our government.
B. You are right! The Senate and the House of Representatives, together known as Congress, make up the legislative branch of our government.
C. No, that's not right. The Senate and the House of Representatives, together known as Congress, make up the legislative branch of our government.

Who makes the laws in the United States?

A. The Executive Branch
B. The Supreme Court
C. The Congress

A. No, that's not right. The elected members of the two houses of the U.S. Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, make the laws.
B. No, that's not right. The elected members of the two houses of the U.S. Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, make the laws.
C. Right! The elected members of the two houses of the U.S. Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate, make the laws.

What is the Congress?
A. The Senate and the House of Representatives
B. The Executive Branch
C. The Democratic and Republican Parties

Answer: A. The Senate and the House of Representatives

A. Gold Star! You are correct. The Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most members of Congress belong to either the Democratic or Republican party.
B. No, that's not right. The Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most members of Congress belong to either the Democratic or Republican party.
C. No, that's not right. The Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most members of Congress belong to either the Democratic or Republican party.

Who elects the Congress?
A. The people
B. The state governments
C. The electoral college

Answer: A. the people

A. Correct! Members of Congress are elected from each state by popular vote.
B. No, that's not right. Members of Congress are elected from each state by popular vote.
C. No, that's not right. Members of Congress are elected from each state by popular vote.

What is the supremem law of the land?

A. The Constitution
B. The Articles of Confederation
C. The Executive Orders

Answer: A. The Constitution

A. Right! The U.S. Constitution has been the law of the land since its ratification in 1788.
B. No, that's not right. The U.S. Constitution has been the law of the land since its ratification in 1788.
C. No, that's not right. The U.S. Constitution has been the law of the land since its ratification in 1788.

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
A. July 4, 1776
B. May 31, 1776
C. July 4, 1774

Answer: A: July 4, 1776

A. Gold Star! You are correct. The Declaration of Independence, proclaiming the American colonies to be a sovereign nation, was adopted on July 4, 1776.
B. No, that's not right. The Declaration of Independence, proclaiming the American colonies to be a sovereign nation, was adopted on July 4, 1776.
C. No, that's not right. The Declaration of Independence, proclaiming the American colonies to be a sovereign nation, was adopted on July 4, 1776.

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
A. The Preamble
B. The Bill of Right
C. The Magna Carta

Answer: B. The Bill of Rights

A. No, that's not right. The first ten amendments, added to the Constitution in 1791, are known collectively as the Bill of Rights.
B. Gold Star! You are correct. The first ten amendments, added to the Constitution in 1791, are known collectively as the Bill of Rights.
C. No, that's not right. The first ten amendments, added to the Constitution in 1791, are known collectively as the Bill of Rights.

What are the three branches or parts of the government?
A. Executive, legislative and judicial
B. The Senate, House of Representatives and the White House
C. Executive, Electoral College and Congress

A. Right! The framers Constitution established the separation of power in the government with the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government.
B. No, that's not right. The framers Constitution established the separation of power in the government with the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government.
C. No, that's not right. The framers Constitution established the separation of power in the government with the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government.

How many U.S. Senators does each state have?

A. Two (2)
B. It depends on the state population.
C. Four (4)

A. You are right! Each state elects two senators to the U.S. Congress.
B. No, that's not right. Each state elects two senators to the U.S. Congress.
C. No, that's not right. Each state elects two senators to the U.S. Congress.

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

A. The president
B. The secretary of state
C. The chief justice of the Supreme Court

A. Gold Star! You are correct. The president is in charge of the executive branch.
B. No, that's not right. The president is in charge of the executive branch.
C. No, that's not right. The president is in charge of the executive branch.

What determines each state's number of U.S. Representatives?

A. The population of the state.
B. The constitution of the state.
C. It is a fixed number in the Constitution.

A. Right! The federal government conducts a census every ten years to count how many residents live in each state to determine how many representatives come from that state.
B. No, that's not right. The federal government conducts a census every ten years to count how many residents live in each state to determine how many representatives come from that state.
C. No, that's not right. The federal government conducts a census every ten years to count how many residents live in each state to determine how many representatives come from that state.

How old must a president be?
A. At least fifty-five (55)
B. There is no age limit.
C. At least thirty-five (35)

Answer: C. At least thirty-five (35)

A. No, that's not right. The U.S. Constitution states that no person shall be eligible to the Office of President "who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years."
B. No, that's not right. The U.S. Constitution states that no person shall be eligible to the Office of President "who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years."
C. Correct! The U.S. Constitution states that no person shall be eligible to the Office of President "who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years."

If the president can no longer serve, who becomes president?
A. The speaker of the House
B. The vice president
C. The secretary of state

Answer: B. The vice president

A. No, that's not right. The 25th Amendment to the Constitution says that the vice president shall become President if the President can no longer serve.
B. Right! The 25th Amendment to the Constitution says that the vice president shall become President if the President can no longer serve.
C. No, that's not right. The 25th Amendment to the Constitution says that the vice president shall become President if the President can no longer serve.

Who becomes president if both the president and the vice president can no longer serve?
A. The secretary of state
B. The Supreme Court decides
C. The speaker of the House

Answer: C. The speaker of the House.

A. No, that's not right. The framers did not put this in the Constitution, but it was later determined that the speaker of the House would become president in this case.
B. No, that's not right. The framers did not put this in the Constitution, but it was later determined that the speaker of the House would become president in this case.
C. Yes, that right. The framers did not put this in the Constitution, but it was later determined that the speaker of the House would become president in this case.

How many full terms can a president serve?
A. Unlimited
B. Two (2)
C. Three (3)

A. No, that's not right. The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution limited that number of terms a president could serve to two.
B. You are right! The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution limited that number of terms a president could serve to two.
C. No, that's not right. The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution limited that number of terms a president could serve to two.

Who signs bills to become laws?

A. The speaker of the House.
B. The president
C. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

Answer: B. The president

A. No, that's not right. After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president signs it into law.
B. You are right! After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president signs it into law.
C. No, that's not right. After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president signs it into law.

Who vetoes bills?
A. The president
B. The Supreme Court
C. The Speaker of the House

Answer: A. The President

A. Right! After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president can veto it if he/she does not approve of it.
B. No, that's not right. After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president can veto it if he/she does not approve of it.
C. No, that's not right. After the House of Representatives and the Senate pass a bill, the president can veto it if he/she does not approve of it.

Who confirms Supreme Court justices?

A. The Senate
B. House of Representatives
C. Justices are nominated and not confirmed

Answer: A. The Senate

A. Gold Star! You are correct. The framers of the Constitution hoped to avoid corruption of power by giving the president the right to nominate and the Senate the right to confirm Supreme Court Justices.
B. No, that's not right. The framers of the Constitution hoped to avoid corruption of power by giving the president the right to nominate and the Senate the right to confirm Supreme Court Justices.
C. No, that's not right. The framers of the Constitution hoped to avoid corruption of power by giving the president the right to nominate and the Senate the right to confirm Supreme Court Justices.

In what month are general presidential elections held in the U.S.?

A. November
B. It varies from election to election.
C. January

A. You are right! General elections for president are held in November to allow for the largely agrarian population (way back when) to get in the harvest and travel before winter set in.
B. No, that's not right. General elections for president are held in November to allow for the largely agrarian population (way back when) to get in the harvest and travel before winter set in.
C. No, that's not right. General elections for president are held in November to allow for the largely agrarian population (way back when) to get in the harvest and travel before winter set in.

What is the Pledge of Allegiance?
A. An oath to uphold the law of the land
B. A statement of honor written by Benjamin Franklin
C. The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation

Answer: C. The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation

A. No, that's not right. It is a promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation. It was first used in public schools in on Columbus Day 1892.
B. No, that's not right. It is a promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation. It was first used in public schools in on Columbus Day 1892.
C. Correct! It is a promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation. It was first used in public schools in on Columbus Day 1892.

Who can vote in the U.S. presidential elections?
A. All registered citizens 18 years of age and older
B. All citizens 21 years of age and older
C. All citizens 16 years of age with a valid driver's license

Answer: A. All registered citizens 18 years of age and older

A. Gold star! You are correct. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution, added in 1971, lowered the voting age to 18.
B. No, that's not right. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution, added in 1971, lowered the voting age to 18.
C. No, that's not right. The 26th Amendment to the Constitution, added in 1971, lowered the voting age to 18.

When is the last day of the year you can send in federal income tax forms?
A. April 15
B. It varies every year.
C. December 31

Answer: A. April 15

A. Correct! April 15 has been the deadline for filing income tax forms since 1954.
B. No, that's not right. April 15 has been the deadline for filing income tax forms since 1954.
C. No, that's not right. April 15 has been the deadline for filing income tax forms since 1954.

Scoring:
6-10 right. You did it. You have what it takes to be a citizen.
1-5 right. You'll need to brush up on your U.S. smarts. Try again.