Curtis Roosevelt is the Grandson of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. AMERICAN EXPERIENCE interviewed the former U.N. diplomat and professor on his great-grandfather, James Roosevelt.
In the house he was called, Mr. James. In the same way that after I reached a certain age of about nine or ten years old I was called, Mr. Curtis. You know, my mother thought it was a little out of date, but that was the routine.
He was a person of the mid-19th century. He met Sara Delano Roosevelt in Theodore Roosevelt's house, where he was invited for supper. They were distant cousins. And he was very much an older man. But she was getting beyond the age of marriageability, beauty though she was. And so she accepted his proposal.
He was a kind of man who would have the routine of a country gentleman, of inspecting his property and keeping track of his estates. And he knew what went on on his estates. He knew the lives and the -- what was happening with all of his tenant farmers, were they making it or not? And he was a -- while he had an estate manager, he was very much on top of his things. Now he also had investments. He served on the boards of the various railroad companies and was in mining interests and so forth. Again, a typical American 19th century entrepreneur, but not taking it quite that seriously. Much in the English tradition, business was not something you allowed to interfere with your other obligations, which were family, and in this case, his son and so forth.
He had had one son before. FDR had an elder half-brother. But I would have described him -- and I only know in retrospect; he was long dead when I was born -- I would describe him as stiff, somewhat unbending, formal, but that was the style. And I am sure that in his own way he was warm towards his son. Always dutiful towards his wife. But that is what a husband was supposed to do, be dutiful, provide, and produce children. And he was not gregarious to put it in another way, because after all FDR was. No, he was not gregarious. I don't think he let down his hair.
But one thing I don't know about James Roosevelt and I don't think anybody knows is -- was he a club man in New York City? I have the impression he wasn't. I have the impression he was very much tied to Hyde Park and his estate there. And when he did go down to New York City, or elsewhere in the country for his ... relating to his financial interests, on his private car of course, he got back as soon as he could. I think his life and his soul, so to speak, lived at Hyde Park.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops invaded Normandy, fighting to free Europe from Nazi occupation and end World War II.
Winner, 2010 Peabody Award --- The 1968 My Lai massacre, its subsequent cover-up, and the soldiers who broke ranks to bring the atrocity to light.
America's Robin Hood who robbed not only the rich but the poor and defenseless as well, always saving the treasure for himself. Part of the Wild West collection.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
The Alabama governor and presidential candidate promised segregation forever.
Richard Nixon faced impeachment but also ended the Vietnam War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.