After the Fall of Saigon, Dam Pham and other South Vietnamese soldiers wondered what fate awaited them.
As North Vietnamese tanks rolled into Saigon, eleven U.S. Marines found themselves on the roof of the American Embassy with no U.S. helicopters in sight.
Kiem Do, a colonel in the South Vietnamese Navy, remembers the solemn flag-lowering ceremony aboard the U.S.S. Kirk after the fall of Saigon.
In 1975, Dam Pham was a South Vietnamese Army Officer Lieutenant.