Most Amish today will not pose for a photograph. Considering it a violation of the Second Commandment, which prohibits the making of "graven images," the Amish believe any physical representation of themselves (whether a photograph, a painting, or film) promotes individualism and vanity, taking away from the values of community and humility by which they govern their lives. Occasionally, Amish people did have their photos taken, as you can see with the couple in the first image who likely went to a studio for their portrait in 1875. But by the time photography became popular in America in the mid-19th century and photographers and researchers armed with cameras began appearing in Amish communities, most Amish objected to appearing in or posing for photographs entirely.
The images in this gallery were all taken between 1875 and 1942.
America's Robin Hood who robbed not only the rich but the poor and defenseless as well, always saving the treasure for himself. Part of the Wild West collection.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
Intrepid journalist Nelly Bly went on a journey around the world breaking the record of Julius Verne's fictional character.
Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst fought to suppress a film by Orson Welles, a film that would become one of cinema's masterpieces.
Bascom Lamar Lunsford and his campaign to preserve mountain music and dance.
Silent film actress Mary Pickford played a pivotal role in bringing Hollywood into the center of the motion picture industry.
President Woodrow Wilson lead America during World War I, created the Federal Reserve, and helped create the League of Nations. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
The African American jazz composer and bandleader performed regularly at Harlem's Cotton Club, leaving a legacy in music.