Most Amish today will not pose for a photograph. Considering it a violation of the Second Commandment, which prohibits the making of "graven images," the Amish believe any physical representation of themselves (whether a photograph, a painting, or film) promotes individualism and vanity, taking away from the values of community and humility by which they govern their lives. Occasionally, Amish people did have their photos taken, as you can see with the couple in the first image who likely went to a studio for their portrait in 1875. But by the time photography became popular in America in the mid-19th century and photographers and researchers armed with cameras began appearing in Amish communities, most Amish objected to appearing in or posing for photographs entirely.
The images in this gallery were all taken between 1875 and 1942.
A courageous band of civil rights activists called Freedom Riders who in 1961 challenged segregation in the American South.
The last surviving member of a California Indian tribe became a sensation in 1911.
The women's suffrage movement won the right to vote when the 19th Amendment passed in 1920.
In 1936, GM and Ford could not stop one of the worst battles of the American labor movement.
The world famous escape artist could escape from everything - except his own mortality.
Thoroughbred racehorse Seabiscuit was the long shot that captured America's heart during the Depression.
From a small-town Texas murder emerged a landmark civil rights case that successfully challenged Jim Crow-style discrimination against Mexican Americans.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.