In 1936 Democratic president Franklin Roosevelt was seeking reelection to the presidency. His main opponent was Kansas governor Alfred M. Landon, a Republican. Twenty-four years earlier Landon had left the Republican party and supported Theodore Roosevelt's progressive "Bull Moose" candidacy. Now Landon was leading the Republican charge against a popular incumbent.
During the Depression there was a lot of discussion about the government's role in the economy. Should it intervene or should the government let the market determine the course?
Candidate 1 -- Wants government regulation removed and urges that the states become more involved in addressing concerns.
Candidate 2 -- Believes the federal government should intervene directly and aggressively to solve economic conditions.
The country was divided over a new government-sponsored pension fund -- Social Security. Some thought the government was overstepping its bounds, while others thought it was the government's duty to sponsor such a program.
Candidate 1 -- Feels that better, private pension funds should be offered to workers.
Candidate 2 -- Feels it is the government's responsibility to set up and administer a pension fund, i.e., Social Security.
Military events in Europe and Asia prompted questions about the kind of role the U.S. should have on the world stage.
Candidate 1 -- Wants the U.S. to play a strong role in the international arena.
Candidate 2 -- Supports a foreign policy characterized as "isolationist."
Here are the actual results of the election of 1936:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
Mathematician and paranoid schizophrenic John Nash's work became a foundation of modern economic theory.
The women's suffrage movement won the right to vote when the 19th Amendment passed in 1920.
A biography of the last outlaws of the American Wild West
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.
An African American civil rights leader, Ida B. Wells was born into slavery before becoming a journalist in Memphis.
America's first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, wrote 200 songs but died a penniless alcoholic at 37.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
The founding father laid the groundwork for the nation's modern economy, including the banking system and Wall Street.