In 1936 Democratic president Franklin Roosevelt was seeking reelection to the presidency. His main opponent was Kansas governor Alfred M. Landon, a Republican. Twenty-four years earlier Landon had left the Republican party and supported Theodore Roosevelt's progressive "Bull Moose" candidacy. Now Landon was leading the Republican charge against a popular incumbent.
During the Depression there was a lot of discussion about the government's role in the economy. Should it intervene or should the government let the market determine the course?
Candidate 1 -- Wants government regulation removed and urges that the states become more involved in addressing concerns.
Candidate 2 -- Believes the federal government should intervene directly and aggressively to solve economic conditions.
The country was divided over a new government-sponsored pension fund -- Social Security. Some thought the government was overstepping its bounds, while others thought it was the government's duty to sponsor such a program.
Candidate 1 -- Feels that better, private pension funds should be offered to workers.
Candidate 2 -- Feels it is the government's responsibility to set up and administer a pension fund, i.e., Social Security.
Military events in Europe and Asia prompted questions about the kind of role the U.S. should have on the world stage.
Candidate 1 -- Wants the U.S. to play a strong role in the international arena.
Candidate 2 -- Supports a foreign policy characterized as "isolationist."
Here are the actual results of the election of 1936:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
America came apart in 1964 and has since been reborn.
The first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, Earhart disappeared in 1937 during an attempt to circumnavigate the world by airplane.
Bascom Lamar Lunsford and his campaign to preserve mountain music and dance.
Mathematician and paranoid schizophrenic John Nash's work became a foundation of modern economic theory.
John Scopes' free speech trial pitted science against religion after the teacher presented Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in a Tennessee school.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.