In 1936 Democratic president Franklin Roosevelt was seeking reelection to the presidency. His main opponent was Kansas governor Alfred M. Landon, a Republican. Twenty-four years earlier Landon had left the Republican party and supported Theodore Roosevelt's progressive "Bull Moose" candidacy. Now Landon was leading the Republican charge against a popular incumbent.
During the Depression there was a lot of discussion about the government's role in the economy. Should it intervene or should the government let the market determine the course?
Candidate 1 -- Wants government regulation removed and urges that the states become more involved in addressing concerns.
Candidate 2 -- Believes the federal government should intervene directly and aggressively to solve economic conditions.
The country was divided over a new government-sponsored pension fund -- Social Security. Some thought the government was overstepping its bounds, while others thought it was the government's duty to sponsor such a program.
Candidate 1 -- Feels that better, private pension funds should be offered to workers.
Candidate 2 -- Feels it is the government's responsibility to set up and administer a pension fund, i.e., Social Security.
Military events in Europe and Asia prompted questions about the kind of role the U.S. should have on the world stage.
Candidate 1 -- Wants the U.S. to play a strong role in the international arena.
Candidate 2 -- Supports a foreign policy characterized as "isolationist."
Here are the actual results of the election of 1936:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
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