The Election of 1960
Democrat John F. Kennedy campaigned for the presidency in 1960 on the pledge to "get the country moving again." His opponent, Republican Richard Nixon, believed that the country was better off continuing the policies established under Dwight Eisenhower's eight years of leadership.
As the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union wore on, opinions varied as to whether and how America should exert a leadership role in the world.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Contends that "American prestige is at an all-time high," thanks to the efforts of the Eisenhower administration.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Citing a loss of prestige, declares that America needed a more activist and imaginative approach to international affairs.
The nation was experiencing an economic recession as the 1950s came to an end. Strategies about how to best stimulate the economy sparked debate.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Urges economic growth through a combination of private enterprise and individual initiative.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Calls for increased government intervention to stimulate the economy.
Much attention was paid to what constituted adequate military preparedness during the Cold War. While there was general agreement that the U.S. should match the Soviets' military strength, opinions as to how best to accomplish this task varied.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Asserts that the U.S. has maintained military standing with the Soviet Union, and that military spending should be watched carefully for excess.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Argues that a "missile gap" favoring the Soviet Union makes an increase in defense spending necessary.
Here are the actual results of the election of 1960:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
A saga of ambition, wealth, family loyalty and personal tragedy.
Accounting for America's most famous inventor and his role in America's future.
The story of the dramatic post-World War II tribunal that brought Nazi leaders to justice and defines trial procedure for state criminals to this day.
A civil rights leader in Harlem before entering politics, Powell was one of the most charismatic black leaders of the 20th century.
The remarkable and tragic life of the third Kennedy son, Robert F. Kennedy.
Malcolm X, a man who both terrified and inspired, expressed the anger and struggle of black people for freedom in the 1960s.
America's Robin Hood who robbed not only the rich but the poor and defenseless as well, always saving the treasure for himself. Part of the Wild West collection.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.