Truman and the Democrats were in trouble in 1948. As Election Day neared, the polls predicted a resounding defeat come November. Truman, the incumbent faced a variety of candidates: Thomas Dewey, a Republican, Henry Wallace, of the Progressive Party, and Strom Thurmond of the Dixiecrats -- a band of Southern Democrats who abandoned their party.
Affordable housing, rebuilding postwar Europe and offering aid to Greece and Turkey were among the hot topics of debate during the presidential campaign of 1948. How would you vote on the issues? Would you side with Truman and the Democrats or Dewey and the Republicans?
The cost of living was rising across America and affordable housing was in short supply.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Favors comprehensive federal housing legislation and saw a need for rent control.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Feels that housing can best be supplied and financed by private enterprise.
Americans debated the extent to which they should contribute to the rebuilding of Europe following World War II.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Calls for the repudiation of the Marshall Plan. The party platform states that efforts of the plan would rebuild Nazi Germany and "subjugate the economies of other European countries to American Big Business."
Candidate/Party 2 -- Strongly in favor of the Marshall Plan, saying it is working to "secure and strengthen the safety and freedom" of European nations.
How much money should be devoted to other countries -- and which ones should receive the aid?
Candidate/Party 1 -- Refers to Greece and Turkey as "peace-loving nations" and supports military and economic assistance to the two countries.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Calls for an end to military and economic intervention in Greece and Turkey, referring to their regimes as "reactionary and fascist."
Here are the results of the election of 1948:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
A man who symbolized African American equality fought a proponent of Hitler's Aryan racial theories on the eve of World War II.
A star in baseball's golden age, Joe DiMaggio's celebrity status and tumultuous marriage to Marilyn Monroe brought him pain.
A president who rose from a broken childhood to become one of the most successful politicians in modern American history, and one of the most complex and conflicted characters to ever stride across the public stage.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
Clemente was an exceptional baseball player whose career sheds light on larger issues of immigration, civil rights and cultural change.
An African American minister whose dream of ending racism galvanized millions of Americans in the civil rights movement.
American comandante William Morgan went to Cuba to help Fidel Castro return the country to a democracy. Instead, four years later, he was executed.
The six-part story of a frontiersman farmer and a wealthy Confederate slave-owner's daughter.