Truman and the Democrats were in trouble in 1948. As Election Day neared, the polls predicted a resounding defeat come November. Truman, the incumbent faced a variety of candidates: Thomas Dewey, a Republican, Henry Wallace, of the Progressive Party, and Strom Thurmond of the Dixiecrats -- a band of Southern Democrats who abandoned their party.
Affordable housing, rebuilding postwar Europe and offering aid to Greece and Turkey were among the hot topics of debate during the presidential campaign of 1948. How would you vote on the issues? Would you side with Truman and the Democrats or Dewey and the Republicans?
The cost of living was rising across America and affordable housing was in short supply.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Favors comprehensive federal housing legislation and saw a need for rent control.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Feels that housing can best be supplied and financed by private enterprise.
Americans debated the extent to which they should contribute to the rebuilding of Europe following World War II.
Candidate/Party 1 -- Calls for the repudiation of the Marshall Plan. The party platform states that efforts of the plan would rebuild Nazi Germany and "subjugate the economies of other European countries to American Big Business."
Candidate/Party 2 -- Strongly in favor of the Marshall Plan, saying it is working to "secure and strengthen the safety and freedom" of European nations.
How much money should be devoted to other countries -- and which ones should receive the aid?
Candidate/Party 1 -- Refers to Greece and Turkey as "peace-loving nations" and supports military and economic assistance to the two countries.
Candidate/Party 2 -- Calls for an end to military and economic intervention in Greece and Turkey, referring to their regimes as "reactionary and fascist."
Here are the results of the election of 1948:
|Popular Votes||%||Electoral Votes|
The thrilling true story of the American Olympic rowing team that triumphed against all odds in Nazi Germany in 1936.
In 1897, Arctic explorer Robert Peary caused a sensation when he returned from Greenland with five Eskimos.
His stunning triumph at the 1936 Olympic Games captivated the world even as it infuriated the Nazis. Premiering May 1.
America's first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, wrote 200 songs but died a penniless alcoholic at 37.
The remarkable and tragic life of the third Kennedy son, Robert F. Kennedy.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
From letters of the second U.S. president, John Adams, and his wife, Abigail, this film explores their tumultuous times.
A look at the poor Scottish emigrant boy who built a fortune in telegraphy, railroads and steel, and then began systematically to give it all away.