Helpful Hints

Part 1: Use with the first two hours of the film, "Part One: Ambition" and "Part Two: We Are Elected"

Mary Todd grew up wealthy, while Lincoln's family had very little money. The fact that Mary Todd had grown up amidst material comfort could have led her to reject the poorer Lincoln as a potential husband. The fact that it did not could reflect her love for him and her belief that he would one day become President.

1. (a) the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 (b) The Kansas-Nebraska Act undid the Compromise of 1820 by permitting the creation of slave states north of the Missouri Compromise line, if a territory's settlers so chose.

2. Kansas Territory was the scene of a struggle over the issue of expanding slavery. Illinois was the home of Abraham Lincoln, whose election as President helped lead to the secession of southern states. Washington, D.C., was the capital of the Union. Richmond, Virginia was the capital of the Confederacy. Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia) was the site of a raid by John Brown that attempted to free the slaves. Fort Sumter, South Carolina was the United States fort whose capture by the Confederates marked the start of the Civil War.

1. Debaters should accurately reflect the views of Lincoln and Douglas rather than their own personal views.

2. Presentations should be clear and complete.

Angelina Grimké attacks slavery by arguing that it is inconsistent with the teachings of Jesus. Frederick Douglass argues that a nation that permits slavery has no right to call itself Christian. Harriet Jacobs describes the slaveholders' use of religious instruction to convince slaves that they had a religious obligation to submit to slavery.

Part 2: Use with the second two hours of the film, "Part Three: Shattered" and "Part Four: The Dearest of All Things"

Pie charts should accurately reflect the data given.

Presentations should give a clear and accurate summary of the battle, including its geographic factors.

1. (a) The New York Herald argues that the Republicans are to blame for the war because they are dedicated to overthrowing the Constitution in their pursuit of equal rights for blacks. The New York Tribune argues that slavery is the cause of the war because its supporters are willing to secede from the Union in order to defend and extend it. The Charleston Mercury warns that the South cannot be frightened into submission but will fight for its rights. (b) Letters should contain support for the writer's views.

2. (a) Habeas corpus is the requirement that a prisoner be brought before a court so that the government may show the reasons for his or her imprisonment. (b) In the final paragraph, where she writes that "during this long imprisonment, I am yet ignorant of the causes of my arrest." (c) Supporters of such restrictions might cite the need to give up some rights temporarily in order to preserve them over the long term. Opponents of such restrictions might argue that they undermine the cause for which a democratic nation is fighting.

1. (a) Free laborers. (b) To argue that slavery is not bad because slaves are better off than free laborers. (c) It ignores the slaves' complete lack of freedom and the brutalities inflicted on them, as well as the fact that unlike slaves, free laborers had choices they could make that might improve their lives.

2. (a) The suffering of a mother whose son is forcibly taken from her and sold because he is a slave. (b) Although the boy is her son, they both are slaves and therefore she has no right to keep him with her.

Part 3: Use with the final two hours of the film,"Part Five: This Frightful War" and "Part Six: Blind With Weeping"

1. Total war tactics sought to weaken the ability of the South's economy to support the war effort.

2. The debate should include participation by every student, either as a team member or as a judge.

The excerpt shows that some people who opposed slavery also opposed equality for African Americans; therefore, the end of slavery did not mean the end of unequal treatment for African Americans. Freed slaves in southern states, as well as African Americans in northern states, would be discriminated against in politics, the economy, and society.

1. Letters may express the writer's determination to help eliminate slavery and gain equal rights for African Americans.

2. (a) There were two major candidates in 1864; in 1860, there were four. (b) A split among the Democrats helped Lincoln by splitting the Democratic vote. (c) Since the Democratic Party did not split in 1864, Lincoln's opponents could unite around a single candidate instead of spreading their votes among several candidates.

1. Descriptions should accurately summarize the photograph and explain why the student chose it.

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