Herbert Hoover creates the Commission for the Relief of Belgium (CRB) to organize relief efforts to combat a severe food shortage in German-occupied Belgium and Northern France during World War I.
The CRB will spend $80 million and dispense two billion pounds of grain and other food in the first year. The Commission will disband at the end of the war.
President Woodrow Wilson appoints Herbert Hoover as the head of the U.S. Food Administration, an organization providing food for the United States Army and its allies. In this position, Hoover will organize and send food shipments to the millions of starving people affected by World War I.
The American Relief Administration (formerly the U.S. Food Administration) sends rations of white bread, corn grits, rice, milk, cocoa, and sugar to Russia, where civil war and a severe drought have caused a widespread famine that killed five million Russian and Soviet citizens.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act. The program provides aid to countries that have been victims of war, beginning with Britain and China. Supplies such as weapons, clothes, vehicles, and food totaling around $50 billion ship to U.S. allies.
Spearheaded by the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and China, 44 nations form the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) to provide relief in war-torn countries.
The UNRRA distributes $4.5 billion of food and supplies to Europe, where World War II had shattered economies.
In a message to Congress, President Harry Truman presents what will become known as the Truman Doctrine. In it, he pledges U.S. support for any country threatened by communism. Following Truman's speech, Congress approves $400 million in military and economic aid to Greece and Turkey.
Many historians will consider this the start of the Cold War.
Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlines what will become known as the Marshall Plan, a post-World War II initiative to send $13 billion to help boost recovery and reconstruction in Europe.
By the end of the program in 1953, most participating countries' economies will be more robust than they were prior to the war.
President Truman approves a plan to fly food and gas in to West Berlin after the Soviets cut all surface traffic to the area. Over the 11 months, until the blockage is lifted on May 12, 1949, the U.S. will provide over two million tons of supplies. The effort is known as the Berlin Airlift.
The United States sends grain to India, where floods, earthquakes and locust plagues cause India's harvest to go awry, and a severe famine to take over.
President John F. Kennedy announces the Peace Corps as a challenge for Americans "to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries."
In the following decades, the Peace Corps will expand, sending more than 200,000 Americans to 139 countries.
The Foreign Assistance Act is approved. The Act administers the United States economic assistance programs, separating military and non-military aid.
President Kennedy establishes the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), an agency that organizes United States foreign aid around the world.
In the years to come the USAID will provide humanitarian assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, Eurasia and the Middle East.
Bob Dylan and George Harrison are among several artists performing at "The Concert for Bangladesh" at Madison Square Garden. The event raises money for Bangladesh, which had been ravaged by genocide, droughts and flooding leading to more than 26,000 deaths.
The Foreign Assistance Act undergoes substantial changes with a "New Directions" approach, which emphasizes that assistance of basic human needs, such as food, nutrition and healthcare come first when assisting a foreign country.
A drought in Ethiopia leads to widespread famine and over 400,000 deaths.
On July 13, 1985, "Live Aid" a dual-venue concert in Philadelphia and London, starred Led Zepplin, Queen, Mick Jagger, Tina Turner, and Madonna. The concert raised $140 million towards fighting poverty and hunger in Africa.
Ongoing civil war and drought cause famine in Somalia. The United States leads a humanitarian relief effort by lending troops and delivering supplies to the country.
In North Korea, extreme flooding leads to famine that kills one million people. Over the next seven years the United States government will provide North Korea with $900 million of food and development aid.
An earthquake causing a tsunami strikes the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia killing over 230,000 people.
USAID sends relief packages to survivors of the tsunami in Indonesia, adding to the largest relief effort in history.
A 7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes Haiti, killing an estimated 316,000 people and displacing more than a million.
The following day a U.S. hospital ship leaves for Port-au-Prince offering specialized medical care for the survivors. USAID and the United States government pledge relief to Haiti with food, medicine and shelter supplies.
A tsunami devastates the eastern cost of Japan after a 9.0 magnitude earthquake strikes off the coast. North of Tokyo, the two-part natural disaster flattens entire towns and causes a serious nuclear incident.
As part of an international response to the crisis, the U.S. military delivers food, water, and fuel aid to the Japanese people, and USAID deploys a response team for the search and rescue effort as well as nuclear experts to assist with the radioactive cleanup.
The contradictory history of a dam that became a statement of American power and prestige.
Silent film actress Mary Pickford played a pivotal role in bringing Hollywood into the center of the motion picture industry.
The epic battle waged over dinosaur fossils by rival paleontologists in the American West.
As the star attraction of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, Annie Oakley thrilled audiences around the world with her shooting feats. Part of the Wild West collection.
William "Buffalo Bill" Cody's legendary exploits helped create the myth of the American West that still endures today.
Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst fought to suppress a film by Orson Welles, a film that would become one of cinema's masterpieces.
The life of the legendary photographer, known best for his black and white images of the wilderness of the American West.
The evolution of rhythm and blues through the careers of singers Ruth Brown and Charles Brown, with contemporary performances by both.