Browse a chronology of major international events that occurred during Roosevelt's presidency.

1933
  • Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany
  • Japan withdraws from the League of Nations
  • The first concentration camps are built in Germany
  • Assyrian Christians are massacred in Iraq

1934
  • Adolf Hitler is elected Führer
  • The USSR is admitted to the League of Nations
  • Japan renounces Washington treaties of 1922 and 1930
  • A general strike occurs in France
  • King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister are assassinated

1935
  • Benito Mussolini invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Persia changes its name to Iran
  • The Nuremburg Laws are passed against the Jews in Germany
  • The Nazis repudiate the Versailles Treaty

1936
  • Edward VIII becomes king of Britain -- later abdicates the throne to his brother, George VI
  • Koki Hirota becomes premier of Japan
  • Italy, Austria, and Hungary sign the Rome Pact
  • Italy annexes Abyssinia
  • Spanish Civil War begins
  • Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan
  • Germany begins building the Siegfried Line
  • Leon Trotsky is exiled from the USSR
  • The Olympic Games are held in Berlin

1937
  • The All-India Congress Party wins elections in India
  • Italy and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade Pact
  • The Japanese seize Beijing
  • Chiang Kai-shek unites with Mao Tse-Tung
  • Bakr Sidqi, dictator of Iraq, is assassinated
  • Italy withdraws from the League of Nations
  • Tomas Masaryk becomes the first president of Czechloslovakia
  • Japanese planes sink the U.S. gunboat Panay

1938
  • Riots and demonstrations against Jews in Germany
  • Germany occupies the Sudentenland
  • Hungary annexes southern Slovakia
  • Kemal Atatürk, president of Turkey, dies
  • U.S. and Germany recall their respective ambassadors
  • Japan installs a puppet government in China

1939
  • Spanish Civil War ends
  • England and Poland sign a treaty of mutual assistance
  • Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia
  • Italy invades Albania
  • Hungary leaves the League of Nations
  • Germany invades Poland, sparking the beginning of World War II

1940
  • Germany invades Norway, Denmark, France, Holland, Belgium, and Luxembourg
  • Winston Churchill becomes British prime minister
  • Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico
  • The Blitz begins in London

1941
  • The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
  • Germany invades the USSR
  • The U.S. declares war on Japan, Germany, and Italy

1942
  • Japan invades the Dutch East Indies and Burma, Singapore, Java, and Rangoon
  • The Battle of Midway is fought
  • U.S. prisoners of war suffer on the the Bataan Death March in the Philippines
  • Tokyo is bombed

1943
  • Casablanca Conference between FDR and Churchill
  • Soviets destroy the German army near Stalingrad
  • The Allies invade Italy -- Italy surrenders
  • Mahatma Gandhi demands independence for India and is arrested by British
  • Italy declares war on Germany
  • Churchill, FDR, and Joseph Stalin meet at Teheran
  • Allies begin "around-the-clock" bombing of Berlin
  • Famine sweeps Bengal

1944
  • D-day landings in Normandy
  • The first missile bomb is launched by the Germans on London (the V-1)
  • Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh declares independence from France
  • Charles de Gaulle retakes France from Germany

1945
  • Yalta Conference with FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
  • The United Nations is formed
  • FDR dies -- Harry Truman takes office
  • Hitler commits suicide
  • Mussolini is executed
  • The atom bomb is dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • V-E Day marks the end of the war in Europe

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