Browse a chronology of major events that occurred during Kennedy's presidency.
- UN General Assembly condemns apartheid in South Africa
- Berlin Wall is built, dividing East and West Germany
- American-backed Cuban exiles fail in an attempt to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs
- Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated
- Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin completes the first orbit of Earth by a human
- U.S. establishes a military council in South Vietnam
- USSR sends arms to Cuba, setting off the "Cuban Missile Crisis" with the U.S.
- Uganda and Tanganyika become independent nations (Tanganyika subsequently merged with Zanzibar in 1964 to become Tanzania)
- U2 pilot Gary Powers is traded by the USSR for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel, who had been captured by the U.S.
- French president Charles de Gaulle prevents Great Britain's entry into the Common Market
- Nuclear test ban treaty is signed by the U.S., Great Britain, and USSR
- Buddhist-led military group overthrows the government of South Vietnam
- Kenya becomes an independent republic
- John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas -- Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president
My American Experience
Who is your favorite 20th-century American president? Was it Reagan? Kennedy? Clinton? Or one of the other 14 men who helped usher the United States through the 1900s? Who do you think was the most influential?