Harry S. Truman is born in Lamar, Missouri.
The Trumans move to 619 Crysler Street in Independence, Missouri. Young Harry meets Bess Wallace for the first time in First Presbyterian Church's Sunday School.
President William McKinley is assassinated. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt assumes the presidency.
Truman takes a job as a clerk for the National Bank of Commerce in Kansas City, Missouri.
Truman works as a bookkeeper for the Union National Bank in Kansas City, Missouri.
Truman serves in Battery B of the Missouri National Guard. He enters as a private, but is soon promoted to corporal.
To help out his parents and his brother, Vivian, Truman moves to the 600-acre family farm near Grandview, Missouri and helps them manage and operate it.
Truman begins courting Bess Wallace.
Woodrow Wilson is elected President.
Truman's father dies.
The British steamship Lusitania is sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland. The event will lead the United States to declare war on Germany.
Truman helps organize an oil-drilling company, later named the Morgan Oil and Refining Company, and invests $10,000 in it, managing perhaps to break even before the company is dissolved in 1919.
Truman is sworn into regular army service as a member of 129th Field Artillery regiment.
The U.S. enters World War I as President Wilson declares war on Germany.
Truman arrives in Brest, France, on board U.S.S. George Washington.
A month later, Truman is promoted to captain, although he will not receive official notification until October.
Truman is assigned command of Battery D, 129th Field Artillery regiment, 35th Division. The battery is composed of 188 men, 167 horses, and a complement of French-designed 75mm guns.
Truman engages in his first combat operation in the Vosges Mountains.
World War I ends.
The 18th Amendment is ratified, forbidding the manufacture, sale, import or export of liquor in the United States, and beginning the period known as Prohibition.
Truman is discharged from the army.
Harry Truman and Elizabeth (Bess) Virginia Wallace are wed at the bride's church, Trinity Episcopal, in Independence, Missouri, and move to 219 N. Delaware Street in Independence, the residence of Truman's mother-in-law, Madge Gates Wallace.
Truman opens a men's haberdashery store, in partnership with Edward Jacobson, at 104 West 12th Street, Kansas City, Missouri.
Truman is appointed major in Field Artillery, Officers Reserve Corps.
Women win the battle for suffrage with the ratification of the 19th Amendment.
The haberdashery business fails as a result of a business recession, but Truman refuses to file a petition of bankruptcy. He pays off his share of the firm's debts during the ensuing fifteen years.
With the endorsement of county Democratic party leader T. J. Pendergast, Truman wins election as an eastern judge on the Jackson County Court, an executive body that administers affairs of the county.
Truman attends the Kansas City School of Law.
Defeated for reelection by Henry Rummel, Truman faces the only electoral loss he will ever experience.
Truman is elected presiding judge of the Jackson County Court.
Truman is sworn in as presiding judge of the Jackson County Court. He will serve two four-year terms, through 1934.
Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president.
Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.
Truman files as a Democratic candidate for the U. S. Senate.
Truman defeats incumbent Republican Roscoe C. Patterson by 262,000 votes.
Along with 12 other new Democratic senators, Truman is sworn in as U.S. Senator.
Germany invades Poland.
Truman launches his reelection campaign in Sedalia, Missouri.
The mortgage on the Truman farm near Grandview is foreclosed -- Truman's mother, Martha Ellen Truman, and sister Mary Jane move to town. (The family farm will be purchased by Truman friends and sold back to the Truman family several years later.)
Truman wins the Democratic senatorial primary election, garnering 268,557 votes.
The Transportation Act of 1940, also known as the Wheeler-Truman Act, is signed by President Roosevelt.
The Japanese attack the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The nation enters into World War II.
Truman speaks at the ceremony launching the battleship U.S.S.Missouri. His daughter Margaret christens the ship with a bottle of champagne.
Truman is selected as one of the ten most useful officials in Washington, D.C. in a poll of 52 correspondents conducted by Look magazine.
The Allies invade Normandy, France.
Truman is nominated for the office of vice-president at the Democratic National Convention, Chicago, Illinois.
Truman launches his vice-presidential campaign at his birthplace, Lamar, Missouri.
Truman begins an official campaign tour by railroad with a speech in New Orleans. He uses the railroad car "Henry Stanley."
Truman is elected vice president of the United States.
Harry Truman is sworn in as 33rd president of the United States upon the death of President Roosevelt.
Germany surrenders to the Allies.
Truman announces the end of the war in Europe via radio (V-E Day).
Truman attends a conference at Potsdam, Germany to discuss the post-war treatment of Germany with Premier Joseph Stalin of Russia and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain. Churchill is replaced by Prime Minister Clement Attlee on 29 July.
Truman announces the dropping of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan by a U.S. Army Air Force B-29 bomber named Enola Gay.
Truman announces the end of war with Japan at a press conference. (V-J Day).
Truman presents his 21-point legislative program to Congress for the reconversion period as a continuation and expansion of Roosevelt's New Deal, contrary to popular expectations that the policies of the new president would be more conservative than that of his predecessor.
Truman signs a bill authorizing a loan of $3.75 billion to Great Britain.
Truman requests an appropriation of $400 million before a joint session of Congress to fight the spread of communism in Greece and Turkey (Truman Doctrine). The doctrine receives the backing of most of the Republican members of Congress in accordance with the bipartisan foreign policy that is in effect during most of the Truman administration.
Truman approves a bill providing $400 million in assistance to Greece and Turkey.
Truman signs a peace treaty ratification with Italy, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
Truman attends funeral of his mother in Grandview, Missouri.
Truman sends a message to Congress asking for civil rights legislation to secure the rights of the country's minority groups.
Truman signs the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948, creating a European Recovery Program (ERP) to implement the Marshall Plan for U. S. aid to European recovery. An Economic Cooperation Administration is established to administer the program.
Truman signs the Displaced Persons Act authorizing admission into the United States of 205,000 European displaced persons over the following two years.
Truman orders an airlift of supplies into Berlin, in conjunction with the British, in answer to a Russian blockade of the portion of that city occupied by the Western powers. The blockade will last until May 12, 1949.
Truman is nominated Democratic candidate for president on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, after 35 delegates from Alabama and Mississippi walk out of the convention in protest against a strong civil rights plank in the party platform. Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky is chosen as Truman's vice-presidential candidate.
Truman makes several extensive campaign trips, traveling through all sections of the country except the South. Calling it a "whistle stop" campaign, he makes 275 speeches, centering his attack upon the record of the "do-nothing 80th Congress," and travels about 22,000 miles.
Truman is elected to his second term as president, contrary to the forecasts of newspapers and poll takers, who had almost unanimously predicted his defeat.
Truman is inaugurated for his second term. In his inaugural address, he calls for a "bold new program" to help underprivileged peoples of the earth (Point IV Program).
Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, establishing a unified Department of Defense.
Truman proclaims the North Atlantic Pact, which has been signed by 12 nations in Washington on April 4th, to be in effect. Implementation of the pact is entrusted to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Truman reveals that he had ordered the Atomic Energy Commission to develop the hydrogen bomb.
Truman orders U. S. air and sea forces to aid South Korean troops in resisting the Communist forces of North Korea, which had invaded South Korea the day before.
Truman announces that he had ordered American ground forces in Japan sent to Korea and the navy to blockade the Korean coast. The president's Korean policy is backed by the U. N. Security Council. General Douglas MacArthur, the American commander in Japan, is put in charge of all U. N. troops in the area, which include forces from other nations.
President Truman sends a message to Congress asking for a supplemental appropriation to support the Korean police action and for measures to control the country's economy.
Truman writes a personal letter to music critic Paul Hume, assailing him for his "lousy review" of a recital given by Truman's daughter Margaret. The president's strong language arouses public controversy, but the majority of mail is in his favor.
Truman proclaims a state of national emergency following the entry of Communist China into the Korean conflict on November 6, after U. N. forces take over most of North Korea.
Truman relieves MacArthur of all posts as commander of American and U. N. forces in the Far East for making statements critical of the government's military and foreign policies in that area. Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway replaces MacArthur.
Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected president.
Truman attends the inauguration of President Eisenhower and then leaves by train for Independence, Missouri.
Truman works on his memoirs, the first volume of which, Year of Decisions, is published in November 1955. The second volume, Years of Trial and Hope, will appear the following year.
On his 71 birthday, Truman breaks ground for the construction of a privately financed Harry S. Truman Library building.
The Presidential Libraries Act is signed, authorizing the General Services Administration to accept the papers of U. S. presidents, and the land, buildings, and equipment that are offered for a "Presidential archival depository."
Truman attends the marriage of his daughter, Mary Margaret, to E. Clifton Daniel, Jr., well-known newspaperman, in Trinity Episcopal Church, Independence, Missouri. Four grandsons will be born in 1957,1959, 1963, and 1966.
With his wife, Bess, Truman tours Europe. He visits historical sites, meets with a number of European leaders, including Winston Churchill, has an audience with Pope Pius XII, and receives numerous honors, including an honorary degree from Oxford University on June 20.
Truman participates in the dedication of the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Missouri; it is the second presidential library to become part of the National Archives and Records Service.
Truman announces his support of Governor Averell Harriman for the Democratic party's nomination for the presidency, but after the party's national convention selects Adlai Stevenson, Truman campaigns for Stevenson instead.
President Eisenhower sends Federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce desegregation of the public schools.
Truman participates in the dedication of his birthplace home in Lamar, Missouri. It is purchased and restored by the United Auto Workers union, and then accepted by the state as a gift.
Truman publishes Mr. Citizen, a book about his post-presidential experiences.
Truman conducts a vigorous campaign speaking tour across the country on behalf of presidential candidate John F. Kennedy, who will be elected president.
With his wife and daughter, Truman is a guest in the White House on inauguration day. It is their first visit there in eight years.
A large statue of Truman is unveiled in Athens, Greece, commemorating Truman as one of Greece's "greatest benefactors."
Truman attends the funeral of President Kennedy and meets afterward with Eisenhower, affecting, to the press, a final "reconciliation" between these two former political adversaries.
Truman attends the funeral of King Paul I in Athens, Greece, as President Johnson's personal representative.
Truman becomes the first former president to address the U. S. Senate while it is in formal session. The Senate honors him on his 80th birthday.
Truman receives from the South Korean ambassador to the United States the "Order of Merit for the National Foundation Joongjang," the republic's highest honor.
Truman participates in a ceremony at the Truman Library during which President Johnson signs the Medicare bill, an event that Truman describes as a "profound personal experience for me." Mr. and Mrs. Truman will receive Medicare registration cards numbers one and two in January 1966.
The U.S.S. Maddox is allegedly torpedoed by the North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Lyndon Johnson is elected president.
The first American combat troops arrive in Vietnam.
Truman takes part in a ceremony at the Truman Library announcing the founding of the Harry S. Truman Center for the Advancement of Peace, to be constructed in Jerusalem.
Truman makes his last appearance as a speaker at the eighth annual July 4th celebration on the Truman Library grounds.
Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated.
Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated.
Richard Nixon is elected president.
Truman looks on as President Johnson signs a bill, in the Truman home, designating October 24, 1968 as U. N. Day. The president also issues a proclamation noting Truman's part in creating the United Nations organization in 1945.
Truman is visited by President and Mrs. Nixon, after which President Nixon presents the Truman Library with a Steinway piano that had been in the White House during Truman's presidency.
National Guardsmen open fire on a crowd of student antiwar protesters at Ohio's Kent State University.
With wife Bess, daughter Margaret, and son-in-law E. Clifton Daniel, Truman tours the Truman Library for the last time and views the film "For All the People" -- a new motion picture designed for the orientation of museum visitors.
Truman dies at the age of 88.
Bess Truman dies at the age of 97.
William "Buffalo Bill" Cody's legendary exploits helped create the myth of the American West that still endures today.
The last surviving member of a California Indian tribe became a sensation in 1911.
The story of a Russian immigrant and anarchist who is said to have inspired the assassination of President William McKinley.
The 1968 Democratic National Convention saw a clash of political visions on the convention floor and violence outside on the streets of Chicago.
A look at the poor Scottish emigrant boy who built a fortune in telegraphy, railroads and steel, and then began systematically to give it all away.
A man who symbolized African American equality fought a proponent of Hitler's Aryan racial theories on the eve of World War II.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
The black residents of Tulsa relive their community's remarkable rise and tragic decline.