Browse a chronology of major international events that occurred during Truman's presidency.

  • Yalta Conference attended by FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
  • FDR dies on April 12, 1945
  • United Nations formed
  • V-E Day marks the end of the war in Europe
  • Potsdam Conference attended by Churchill, Truman, and Stalin
  • U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki -- Japan surrenders, ending World War II
  • Ho Chi Minh establishes the independent republic of Vietnam
  • Arab League founded to oppose the establishment of a Jewish state
  • Nuremberg trials begin
  • World Bank is founded

  • UN General Assembly meets for the first time
  • Albania, Hungary, Jordan, and Bulgaria become independent
  • Juan Péron elected president of Argentina
  • Truman establishes the Atomic Energy Commission
  • Civil war breaks out in Greece between the right-wing government and communist rebels

  • UN decides to partition Palestine to create a Jewish state
  • Burma becomes independent
  • India becomes independent and Pakistan is created

  • Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by a Hindu nationalist
  • Marshall Plan for European relief goes into effect
  • Israel is created
  • USSR blockades Berlin -- the airlift begins

  • People's Republic of China is proclaimed under Mao Zedong
  • Republic of Ireland established and recognized by Great Britain
  • Israel joins the UN
  • Blockade of Berlin ends
  • Apartheid established in South Africa
  • Pandit Nehru becomes prime minister of India

  • North Korea invades South Korea
  • China occupies Tibet
  • Assassination attempt made against Truman by two Puerto Rican nationalists

  • King Abdullah of Jordan assassinated
  • Peace treaty signed between the U.S. and Japan
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg sentenced to death for espionage in the U.S.

  • Honolulu Conference attended by the U.S., Australia, and New Zealand
  • Prince Hussein becomes king of Jordan
  • Mau Mau uprising occurs in Kenya
  • U.S. begins H-bomb testing in the Pacific
  • The United Kingdom (UK) produces an atomic bomb

  • U.S. and North Korea sign armistice ending the Korean War
  • Government of Iran ousted and replaced with regime loyal to Shah Pahlevi
  • Marshal Tito elected president of Yugoslavia
  • Josef Stalin dies
  • Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain crowned
  • USSR explodes a hydrogen bomb
  • Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay are the first to climb Mt. Everest
  • Watson and Crick discover the structure of DNA

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