The trial of nine falsely accused African American teens in Alabama would draw North and South into their sharpest conflict since the Civil War.
An African American civil rights leader, Ida B. Wells was born into slavery before becoming a journalist in Memphis.
In 1969, homosexuality was illegal in almost every state... but that was about to change. The Stonewall riots marked a major turning point in the modern gay civil rights movement.
The last surviving member of a California Indian tribe became a sensation in 1911.
In the decade after the Civil War, former slaves sing their way into a nation's heart with spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery.
The acquittal of the murderers of Chicago teen Emmett Till mobilized the civil rights movement.
Mathematician and paranoid schizophrenic John Nash's work became a foundation of modern economic theory.
Richard Sears and Alva Curtis Roebuck brought consumer goods to the hands of every American with their Sears and Roebuck catalogue.