The trial of Charles Julius Guiteau, who assassinated President James A. Garfield, turned into a public battle over the meaning of insanity.
In 1934, American polar explorer Richard Byrd became the first to experience winter in Antarctica's interior.
The women's suffrage movement won the right to vote when the 19th Amendment passed in 1920.
In 1897, Arctic explorer Robert Peary caused a sensation when he returned from Greenland with five Eskimos.
Football coach Knute Rockne of Notre Dame was a pivotal figure in the sudden rise of sports to a position of power in American culture.
Richard Sears and Alva Curtis Roebuck brought consumer goods to the hands of every American with their Sears and Roebuck catalogue.
Brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright built a flying machine that made its first flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in 1903.
The acquittal of the murderers of Chicago teen Emmett Till mobilized the civil rights movement.
Engineer James Eads tamed the mighty Mississippi, turning New Orleans into the second largest port in the nation.