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Maps: States of Texas

  1520s | 1720s | 1810s | 1824 | 1836 | 1850 

Spanish Colony, 1810s

Spanish Colony, 1810s When U.S. president Thomas Jefferson purchased Louisiana from the French in 1803, conflict broke out again over the eastern boundaries of Texas -- this time between the United States and Spain. Spain moved troops into its eastern outposts. The U.S., fearing an invasion, sent more soldiers to Louisiana. Both governments designated the disputed land "neutral ground" until Spain ceded the land to the U.S. in the Adams/Onis Treaty of 1819.

Spain had divided its remaining North American lands, including Texas and Mexico, into colonial states and territories. The people living there rebelled more and more against paying the taxes Spain demanded. Soon, Mexicans began a deadly fight for independence from Spain.

San Antonio
Jose Antonio Navarro Spain founded San Antonio as a supply stop between the Rio Grande and missions in East Texas. The San Antonio de Valero mission was built on the San Antonio River, and a military outpost and a civilian settlement were laid out nearby. By 1731, the Canary Islanders recruited to settle in Texas started to arrive. The new immigrants established a church, streets and farming lots. Spain made San Antonio the Texas capital from 1772 until 1824.

In 1793, a group of soldiers from a place called San Carlos del Alamo de Parras made the mission their headquarters, calling it "the Alamo." Today, it is Texas's most popular tourist attraction.

"My... oldest brother Angel... was dismissed [from the Spanish] Royal Service, without pay, and without any kind of discharge as it was... customary and according to the Regulations for the Government of the Armies of the King of Spain; and why? Because ever since the Year of 1813... my Uncle Francisco Ruiz, my brother-in-law Veramundi, my afore-said brother Angel, and even ourselves the minors of the family have fallen into a horrid persecution on the part of all the Spanish officials devoted to the cause of their King."
-- Jose Antonio Navarro, 1841

Image Credit:
Texas State Library & Archives Commission

page created on 1.30.2004
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