Skip PBS navigation bar, and jump to content.
Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS

About the Film

Forty Acres and a Mule
Plantations in Ruins
Black Legislators
Northerners in the South
Access to Learning
Slave to Sharecropper
The Negro Question
In God We Trust
White Men Unite
State by State

Teacher's Guide

  spacer above content
Northerners in the South: Further Reading

Back to section

  Web Sites | Books


Further Reading

Find resources related to the Freedmen's Bureau and Northerners in the South after the war on this page, or access a general bibliography for Reconstruction in the State by State section of this site.

Web sites

A Fool's Errand, By One of the Fools
Part of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill's Documenting the American South archive, Albion Tourgée's fictionalized account of his experiences as a carpetbagger in North Carolina was published in 1879.

America's Reconstruction: Adelbert Ames
The Digital History Web site, a collaboration between the University of Houston, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and other institutions, presents an online version of Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney's exhibit on Reconstruction. This section profiles Adelbert Ames, a Union veteran who went to Mississippi, where he became governor after the war. The site also includes a picture of an actual carpetbag, a common type of 19th-century traveling bag.


Ames, Blanche Butler, ed. Chronicles from the Nineteenth Century: Family Letters of Blanche Butler and Adelbert Ames. v. 1 and v. 2, Privately issued, 1957.

Current, Richard Nelson. Those Terrible Carpetbaggers. New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.

Currie-McDaniel, Ruth. Carpetbagger of Conscience: A Biography of John Emory Bryant. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

Duncan, Russell. Entrepreneur for Equality: Governor Rufus Bullock, Commerce, and Race in Post-Civil War Georgia. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1994.

Marchione, Jr., William P. Go South Young Man! Reconstruction Letters of a Massachusetts Yankee Benjamin Hodges, 1869-1877. South Carolina Historical Society Archives.

Olsen, Otto H. Carpetbagger's Crusade: The Life of Albion Winegar Tourgée. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1965.

Tunnell, Ted. Edge of the Sword: The Ordeal of Carpetbagger Marshall H. Twitchell in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.

Twitchell, Marshall Harvey. Carpetbagger from Vermont. Edited by Ted Tunnell. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

page created on 12.19.03
Site Navigation

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
About the Film | Forty Acres and a Mule | Plantations in Ruins | Black Legislators
Northerners in the South | Access to Learning | Slave to Sharecropper | The Negro Question
In God We Trust | White Men Unite | State by State | Teacher's Guide

American Experience | Feedback | Search | Shop | Subscribe | Web Credits

© New content 1997-2004 PBS Online / WGBH

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War American Experience

Exclusive Corporate Funding is provided by: