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Forty Acres and a Mule
Plantations in Ruins
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Northerners in the South
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Access to Learning: Further Reading

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Further Reading

Find resources related to schools and education during Reconstruction on this page, or access a general bibliography for Reconstruction in the State by State section of this site.

Web sites

American Time Capsule: Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Library of Congress's American Memory Web site includes this fundraising leaflet published by the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association soliciting donations to support teachers for Southern schools.

From a New England Woman's Diary in Dixie in 1865
Part of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill's Documenting the American South archive, Mary Ames' book describing her post-Civil War experience as a teacher on Edisto Island, South Carolina was published in 1906.

America's Reconstruction: Schools in the Black Community
The Digital History Web site, a collaboration between the University of Houston, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and other institutions, presents an online version of Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney's exhibit on Reconstruction. This section describes how Reconstruction brought the first public schools, for blacks or for whites, to the South after the Civil War.


Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

DeBoer, Clara Merritt. His Truth is Marching On: African Americans Who Taught Freedmen for the American Missionary Association, 1861-1877. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1995.

Foster, Sarah Jane. Sarah Jane Foster, Teacher of the Freedmen: A Diary and Letters Edited by Wayne E. Reilly. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990.

Jones, Jacqueline. Soldiers of Light and Love: Northern Teachers and Georgia Blacks, 1865-1873. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Knight, Edgar Wallace. The Influence of Reconstruction on Education in the South. Manchester, NH: Ayer Company Publishers, Inc., 1972.

Nieman, Donald G. African Americans and Education in the South, 1865-1900. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1994.

Sterling, Dorothy, ed. The Trouble They Seen: The Story of Reconstruction in the Words of African Americans. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.

Waterbury, Maria. Seven Years Among the Freedmen. Chicago: T. B. Arnold, 1890.

page created on 12.19.03
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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
About the Film | Forty Acres and a Mule | Plantations in Ruins | Black Legislators
Northerners in the South | Access to Learning | Slave to Sharecropper | The Negro Question
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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War American Experience

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