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Timeline
1945-1950
1971-1975
1951-1955
1976-1980
1956-1960
1981-1985
1961-1965
1986-1990
1966-1970
1991-1997

1945-1950
1945

Ho Chi Minh Creates Provisional Government
Following the surrender of Japan to Allied forces, Ho Chi Minh and his People's Congress create the National Liberation Committee of Vietnam to form a provisional government. Japan transfers all power to Ho's Vietminh.


President Franklin Roosevelt Dies


U.S. Drops Atomic Bombs on Japan
Smoke billowed 20,000 feet above Hiroshima Making good on his threat to unleash "a rain of ruin the like of which has never been seen on earth," President Harry Truman authorizes the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan -- one on Hiroshima on August 6, and a second on Nagasaki on August 9. The Japanese will surrender within days.


Ho Declares Independence of Vietnam


British Forces Land in Saigon, Return Authority to French


First American Dies in Vietnam
Lt. Col. A. Peter Dewey, head of the American O.S.S. mission, is killed by Vietminh troops while driving a Jeep to the airport. Reports will later indicate that his death was due to a case of mistaken identity -- he had been mistaken for a Frenchman.

1946

French and Vietminh Reach Accord
France recognizes Vietnam as a "free state" within the French Union. French troops replace Chinese in the North.


ENIAC, World's First Automatic Digital Computer, Introduced


Negotiations Between French and Vietminh Breakdown


Indochina War Begins
Following months of steadily deteriorating relations, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam launches its first concerted attack against the French.

1947

Vietminh Move North of Hanoi


Jackie Robinson Signs with Brooklyn Dodgers


Marshall Plan Announced
Gen. George C. Marshall (left) Speaking at Harvard commencement exercises, Secretary of State George C. Marshall lays out the details of a Truman administration plan to assist Europe in rebuilding in the aftermath of World War II.


First Levittowns Go Up On Long Island


Valluy Fails to Defeat Vietminh
French General Etienne Valluy attempts, and fails, to wipe out the Vietminh in one stroke.

1949

Elysée Agreement Signed
Bao Dai and President Vincent Auriol of France sign the Elysée Agreement. The French pledge to assist in the building of a national anti-Communist army.


NATO Formed


George Orwell's 1984 Published


Volkswagen Introduced in U.S.

1950

Chinese, Soviets Offer Weapons to Vietminh


Alger Hiss Found Guilty of Perjury


Truman Commits U.S. Troops to Korea
soldiers manning a rocket launcher, Korean War When Communist forces from North Korea invade the Republic of South Korea on June 25, President Truman appeals to the United Nations to take action. The U.N. quickly brands North Korea the aggressor, and Truman immediately follows up by sending U.S. air and naval support to Korea.


U.S. Pledges $15M to Aid French
The United States sends $15 million dollars in military aid to the French for the war in Indochina. Included in the aid package is a military mission and military advisors.

1951-1955
1951

Ho Chi Minh Creates Workers' Party


Truman Dismisses General Douglas MacArthur


Worst Floods in U.S. History Inundate Kansas and Missouri


"Sugar Ray" Robinson Beats Jake LaMotta for Middleweight Crown

1953

France Grants Laos Full Independence


Rosenbergs Executed for Espionage


Playboy Magazine Debuts


Vietminh Forces Push into Laos

1954

Battle of Dienbienphu Begins
A force of 40,000 heavily armed Vietminh lay siege to the French garrison at Dienbienphu. Using Chinese artillery to shell the airstrip, the Vietminh make it impossible for French supplies to arrive by air. It soon becomes clear that the French have met their match.


Supreme Court Rules in Brown v. Board of Education


Eisenhower Cites "Domino Theory" Regarding Southeast Asia
Dwight D. Eisenhower Responding to the defeat of the French by the Vietminh at Dienbienphu, President Eisenhower outlines the Domino Theory: "You have a row of dominoes set up. You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly."



Senate Condemns McCarthy for Misconduct


French with guns during a fighting break French Defeated at Dienbienphu



Geneva Meeting Begins
Geneva Peace Talk Conference Delegates from nine nations convene in Geneva to start negotiations that will lead to the end of hostilities in Indochina. The idea of partitioning Vietnam is first explored at this forum.



Geneva Agreements Announced
Vietminh General Ta Quang Buu and French General Henri Delteil sign the Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities in Vietnam. As part of the agreement, a provisional demarcation line is drawn at the 17th parallel which will divide Vietnam until nationwide elections are held in 1956. The United States does not accept the agreement, and neither does the government of Bao Dai.

1955

Diem Rejects Geneva Accords, Refuses Nationwide Elections


China and Soviet Union Pledge Additional Financial Support to Hanoi


Diem Urged to Negotiate with North
Britain, France, and United States covertly urge Ngo Dinh Diem to respect the Geneva accords and enter discussions with the North.


Ford Introduces Thunderbird


Poet Alan Ginsberg Publishes "Howl"


Disneyland Opens in Anaheim, CA


Eisenhower shaking Diem's hand Diem Becomes President of Republic of Vietnam



1945-1950
1951-1955
1956-1960
1961-1965
1966-1970
1971-1975
1976-1980
1981-1985
1986-1990
1991-1997
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