Wilson accepts the nomination of the Democratic Party and is
elected Governor of New Jersey.
The first issue of The Crisis, a publication sponsored by the
NAACP and edited by W. E. B. Du Bois, appears.
November 20: Following unfair elections, Mexican politician Francisco Madero calls for insurrection against President Porfirio Diaz, launching a period of violent revolutionary struggle.
November 20: Following unfair elections, Mexican politician
Francisco Madero calls for insurrection against President Porfirio Diaz,
launching a period of violent revolutionary struggle.
In China, revolutionaries overthrow the Manchu dynasty. A
Chinese Republic is proclaimed with Sun Yat-sen named its president.
May 15: In the biggest antitrust decision in history, the U.S.
Supreme Court orders the dismantling of John D. Rockefeller's monopolistic
Standard Oil Company.
April 14-15: The Titanic sinks.
In the Presidential Election of 1912, Wilson runs as the Democratic
candidate and defeats William Howard Taft (Republican), Theodore Roosevelt
(Progressive), and Eugene Debs (Socialist). Wilsonís running mate is Thomas
March 3: Alice Paul and Lucy Burns organize a suffrage
parade, carefully scheduling it for the day before President Wilson's
Under the Wilson administration, several major reform laws are
passed, including the Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act, the Federal Reserve Act,
and legislation establishing income taxes.
The Wilson administration begins government-wide segregation
of work places, rest rooms and lunch rooms.
The Armory Show in New York introduces the artistic movement of Cubism to the United States. Among the works shown are Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase, which shocks viewers.
June 28: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated,
catapulting Europe into World War I. President Wilson declares U. S. neutrality.
August 6: Wilsonís wife, Ellen Axson Wilson, dies of Bright's
Disease, a kidney disorder. Wilson is devastated.
The Wilson administration continues to pass major reforms,
including the establishment of the Federal Trade Commission and the Clayton
William Monroe Trotter is ordered out of the White House when
he protests to President Wilson the segregation of black federal employees in
D. W. Griffithís Birth of a Nation premieres. Although
groundbreaking in its use of film techniques, the film is condemned by African
Americans for promoting racial hatred.
May 7: A German U-boat sinks the passenger ship Lusitania,
killing 1,198 passengers and crew members, including 128 Americans.