A decree or command issued by a political leader that carries the force of law.


A suspension of trade between between two countries imposed by one government upon the other, often with respect to a particular commodity.


A nation or territory ruled by an emir; the office of an emir.

Eretz Israel

A Hebrew phrase meaning "Land of Israel." According to Jewish doctrine, it refers to the Palestinian land promised to the Jews by God.

ethnic cleansing

The systematic elimination of a particular ethnic group from a region or society, by means including deportation, forced emigration, or genocide.


A departure on a large scale, particularly in reference to the Israelites' migration from Egypt under the leadership of Moses, as recounted in the Old Testament book of Exodus.