A political unit consisting of an autonomous state inhabited predominantly by a people sharing a common culture, history, and language.


Love of country. The conviction that the culture and interests of one's nation are superior to those of any other. Aspirations for national independence in a country under foreign domination.


To convert to governmental control something that had been owned or operated by a foreign power.

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

An international military alliance consisting of the U.S., Canada, and several other largely Western countries. Created in 1949 for purposes of collective security.

Near East

Synonymous with the Middle East. May also refer to the Ottoman Empire at its largest.


A member of a group of people who move according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.