(Mount) Zion is an ancient Hebrew term for Jerusalem and symbolizes national-religious hopes for a Jewish homeland. In the 1890s Theodor Herzl authored the pamphlet "The Jewish State," which served as a catalyst to the development of modern Zionism, the goal of which is the political and spiritual renewal of the Jewish people in it ancestral homeland in Palestine and other parts of the Middle East.


One who accepts Zoroastrianism, a Persian religion founded in the sixth century B.C.E. by the prophet Zoroaster. It is characterized by the worship of a supreme god, Ahura Mazda, who requires good deeds to help in his struggle against the evil spirit Ahriman.