GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
1953: The Sudan gains independence from Egypt and Britain.

Ending years of Egyptian demands, the British agree to withdraw from the Sudan and provide the Sudanese people an opportunity for self-government. The joint pact, signed in 1953, allows for a three-year transitional period leading to full independence. Elections are held late in 1953, and the first republican government takes office in 1954.

WWW Sudan and the Road to Independence
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/sdtoc.html#sd0030

This country study for Sudan includes a history of its road to independence.