GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
March 1995: Thirty-five thousand Turkish troops are sent to fight Kurdish rebels in Iraq.

A civil war between Kurds and Turks has been going on for years. As a result, many Kurds have fled Turkey for Iraq, where Kurdish guerrillas continue to enter Turkey. The Turks' invasion, called Operation Steel, backfires, as only 158 Kurdish rebels are killed in the first week.

PBS The Survival of Saddam: The Kurds' Story
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline /shows/saddam/kurds/

Kurdistan was erased from the world's maps after World War I when the Allied powers carved up the Middle East and denied the Kurds a nation-state.