GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
1999-2001: In Iran, pro-reform newspapers critical of the conservatives in government are shut down for press-law violations.

In addition to newspapers being shut down, several writers and publishers are jailed as a result of the violations. In the late 1990s, though liberals under President Khatami control the executive branch of government, religious conservatives control the legislative and judicial branches.

NPR Iran Reformers .cfm?segID=111810

The crackdown on the reformist press has muzzled the ability of the reformers to communicate their ideas with the electorate.