GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
May 24-25, 1991: Operation Solomon, a dramatic airlift, brings 15,000 Ethiopian Jews to live in Israel.

Airlifts to Israel of Ethiopian Jews suffering from famine and oppression had begun in the 1980s, prior to Operation Solomon. The integration of Ethiopians into Israeli society has not been smooth for reasons both of culture and race.

WWW The History of Ethiopian Jews
http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Judaism/ejhist.html

A history of Ethiopian Jews