GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
January 1999: The Israeli Defense Forces sends a woman to serve in a combat unit for the first time.

Lt. Dr. Elina Weismann becomes the first woman officer in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) to serve in a combat unit, as a battalion physician in southern Lebanon. At the same time, the IDF announces other changes in women's service, from requirements for apparel to participation in elite jumpmasters training. The IDF also announces plans to conduct coeducational basic training for soldiers in identical positions.

NPR Israeli Women in the Military .cfm?segID=6462

In Israel, both men and women are drafted for compulsory military service, but women's service is shorter, and they don't serve in combat units. Many people say it's time for a change.