March 2, 1991: The Iraqi army kills 50,000 Kurds and Shii Muslims.
The Iraqi army suppresses an uprising of Kurds in the north and Shii Muslims in southern Iraq. More than a million Kurds flee to Turkey and Iran.
The Survival of Saddam: The Kurds' Story
Kurdistan was erased from the world's maps after World War I when the Allied powers carved up the Middle East and denied the Kurds a nation-state.
Who Are the Kurds?
An Iraqi military incursion into a Kurdish "safe haven" in northern Iraq caused former U.S. president Clinton to order missile attacks on Iraqi military installations in southern Iraq, to teach Saddam Hussein "a lesson."