GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
1962: Abu Dhabi begins to export petroleum.

Massive amounts of money flow into Abu Dhabi (now part of UAE) when it begins to export petroleum. Because the small local population cannot meet the need for planned construction projects (e.g., of hospitals, roads, schools), foreign workers are hired by the hundreds of thousands.

WWW The Petroleum Industry in Abu Dhabi
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/aetoc.html#ae0035

This country study for the United Arab Emirates includes a brief history of the petroleum industry in Abu Dhabi.