GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
August 17, 1999: Nearly 18,000 die when two major earthquakes hit western Turkey.

The August earthquake, registering 7.8 on the Richter scale, is centered near the city of Izmit, in densely populated western Turkey. In addition to the 18,000 deaths, another 27,000 people are injured. Damage extends to 340,000 houses and businesses. The quake is believed to have pushed Anatolia four feet closer to Europe. On November 12, another 760 are killed and 5,000 injured when a second large earthquake, measuring 7.2, hits Duzce. The total damage for the two quakes is estimated at between $10 billion and $25 billion.

NPR Geology
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A geophysicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology talks about Turkey's geology, and why the country is vulnerable to earthquakes.


NPR Turkey Quake
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Tuesday morning's earthquake in Turkey killed thousands of people and collapsed buildings and infrastructure. The quake had a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale. (August 1999)


NPR Earthquake Expert Reacts
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NPR talks with a geophysicist with the British Geological Survey in Edinburgh about the earthquake that shook Turkey yesterday and the reasons for the massive loss of lives and damage to property. (August 1999)


NPR The Safety of Turkish Buildings
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According to engineering experts, the massive earthquake damage in Turkey highlights many of the construction problems facing developing nations.


NPR Earthquake's Financial Impact
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NPR talks with a financial journalist about the cost of rebuilding Turkey. The earthquake came as Turkey was negotiating with the International Monetary Fund after suffering a large budget deficit. (August 1999)


NPR Earthquake in Turkey
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BBC has the latest news on the earthquake in northwestern Turkey. (November 1999)