GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
September 1997: Turkey reinforces its ban on wearing head scarves in government offices and universities.

In the year following the implementation of the ban, 2,000 women are expelled from universities for choosing to wear head scarves.

PBS The Transformation of Turkey: From Islamic Empire to Modern State

Think Tank asks, "Can an Islamic nation be modern, democratic, secular, pro-Western -- and still be Islamic?"