The Ruby in the Smoke Resources

Web Links

Philip Pullman
Philip Pullman's own Web site. Visitors can learn about the author's life and work through his own words. How does he get his ideas? Why are there power tools in his study? What kind of paper is the only kind he will write on? What does he do when he's not writing books? What are his thoughts on religion, education and the origin of the universe? There is also information about his books and plays, including The Ruby in the Smoke, a FAQ section, illustrations and a news archive.

BBC: Wales North West: Jones, Jones and Pullman
In this BBC Radio Wales documentary presented by Terry Jones, Philip Pullman and his former English teacher, Enid Jones, discuss the craft of writing and reminisce about his years spent at Ysgol Ardudwy. Listen to excerpts of the documentary in which Pullman and Jones discuss their continuing friendship.

The New Yorker: Life and Letters: Far From Narnia
Laura Miller reviews Pullman's "secular fantasy for children," His Dark Materials, and examines his take on science, literature and human nature.

Guardian Unlimited: Books: The Authors: Philip Pullman
The Guardian Unlimited offers a brief guide to Philip Pullman with a basic biography, his accomplishments as an author and his influences. Links are available to online excerpts of his work and a January, 2002 online chat with Pullman as well as a Guardian Unlimited interview. Author Interviews: Philip Pullman
Dave Weich of Powells Books (Portland, OR) conducted this phone interview in 2000. It focuses primarily on Pullman's His Dark Materials trilogy.

Victorian London and Opium

Victorians' Secret: Victorian Substance Abuse
"An estimated 5 out of 6 working class English families used opium on a regular basis in Victorian England." Focusing on five substances: alcohol, hashish, opium, absinthe and chloral, this site from the University of Texas at Arlington, enhanced with an ample supply of illustrations, investigates the role of drugs and alcohol on Victorian society. The opium pages trace its use through history devoting much attention to Victorian attitudes toward the drug, the opium wars and the representation of opium in literature.

Opium and Empire in Victorian Britain
Written to fulfill requirements for an MA degree in Modern Literary Studies in the School of English at Queen's University of Belfast, this essay is a factual summary of the proliferation of opium use in Victorian Britain.

East London Opium Smokers
Published in July 1868 in "London Society" by an unknown author, this narrative describes an arranged visit to an opium master's 'den.' A link to another period article, 'An Opium Smoke in Tiger Bay' by correspondent James Greenwood (1883), also offers a graphic description of the underworld of opium consumption in Victorian London.

Release: Drugs, The Law and Human Rights
Release, a British organization, offers specialized services concerning drugs and the law to professionals and the public. Their website presents fascinating historical facts, a comprehensive history of drugs and UK drug laws, which can be accessed via a timeline. Don't forget to take the opium history quiz!

Victorian Era Photography

The Victorian Web: Victorian Photography
Includes a timeline of developments in photography during the 19th century, including the daguerreotype, and a linked listing of portrait photographers. Created in 1985 by Professor George P. Landow and hosted at Brown University, the Victorian Web is a resource for English literature courses at Brown that tap the period.

The Beginnings of Photography: A History of Photography
This essay by Dr. Robert Leggat, a teacher and Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society, gives detailed descriptions of photographic processes from the camera obscura to stereoscopic photography, popular during the Victorian era.

National Stereoscopic Association
The stereoscopic photograph reached the height of its popularity during the Victorian era. The National Stereoscopic Association promotes the study, collection and use of stereographs and provides a forum for students of stereoscopic history.

Aspects of the Victorian Book: Photographically Illustrated Books
This brief essay from the British Library discusses the then new use of photographs to illustrate books in the Victorian era.

The Daguerreian Society
Nicéphore Niépce and L. J. M. Daguerre produced the first daguerreotype in 1835. It was the first commercially successful photographic process, but became obsolete within 20 years of its invention. The Daguerreian Society is a photohistorical group dedicated to the history, science and art of the daguerreotype. The site includes texts, history, process, a gallery and links.

19th Century Shipping

The V&A: Steam and Speed: The Power of Steam at Sea
The Victoria and Albert Museum in London offers this essay on the steamship industry during the Victorian era. Written by Paul Atterbury, a specialist in 19th- and 20th-century art and design, with an interest in the history of technology, the essay discusses famous ships that came out of Great Britain.

PortCities London: The 19th-Century port
This article describes London in the 19th century when it was the world's leading industrial power and largest port. It includes a timeline, a detailed history of London docks and canals and the trade industry, and the arrival of the steamship. PortCities London is a collaboration of a number of British museums, archives and libraries which present their collections via the Internet.

BBC: British History: Victorians: Victorian Technology
In this 5-part article on the technology of communication during the Victorian era, Paul Atterbury discusses how the Victorians owe their place in history to three new communication technologies: the steamship, the railway and the electric telegraph.


Victorian London and Opium

Berridge, Virginia and Griffith Edwards. Opium and the People: Opiate Use and Drug Control Policy in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century England. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1987.

Booth, Martin. Opium: A History. New York, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

De Quincey, Thomas. Confessions of an English Opium-Eater. London: Taylor and Hessey, 1822.

Foxcroft, Louise. The Making of Addiction: The 'Use and Abuse' of Opium in Nineteenth-Century Britain. London: Ashgate, 2007.

Victorian Era Photography

Cameron, Julia Margaret. Victorian Photographs of Famous Men and Fair Women. London: Chatto and Windus, 1992.

Groth, Helen. Victorian Photography and Literary Nostalgia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Hannavy, John. Case Histories: The Packaging and Presentation of the Photograph Portrait in Victorian Britain 1840-1875. Woodbridge, Suffolk, Antique Collector's Club, 2005.

Hannavy, John. Victorian Photographers at Work. London: Shire Publications Ltd, 1997.

Howarth-Loomes, B.E.C. Victorian Photography: An Introduction for Collectors and Connoisseurs. London: St. Martin's Press, 1974.

MacDonald, Gus. Camera. Victorian Eyewitness: A History of Photography, 1826-1913. New York, New York: Viking Press, 1980.

Olsen, Victoria C. From Life: Julia Margaret Cameron and Victorian Photography. New York, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003

19th Century Shipping

Ellmers, Chris, Alex Werner and Alex Warner. Dockland Life: A Pictorial History of London's Docks, 1860-2000. London, Mainstream Publishing, 2000.

Falconer, John. Sail and Steam: A Century of Seafaring Enterprise, 1840-1935. New York: Viking, 1993.

Fox, Stephen. The Ocean Railway: Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Samuel Cunard and the Revolutionary World of the Great Atlantic Steamships. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

Killingray, David, Margarette Lincoln and Nigel Rigby, Eds. Maritime Empires: British Imperial Maritime Trade in the Nineteenth Century. Rochester, New York: Boydell Press, 2004.

Support Provided By: