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Web links

The Japanese Connection

Mitsuharu Matsuoka/Nagoya University, Japan
Professor Matsuoka has created one of the largest and most thorough resources about 19th century English Literature in cyberspace. In addition to hosting expansive individual Web sites on Elizabeth Gaskell, Charles Dickens, George Gissing, and the Brontë Sisters, he has amassed a variety of internet resources pertaining to the Victorian era and 19th Century British authors, and a survey of British, Irish and American authors throughout history. For those interested in the study of English, the site also features an impressive collection of links to English Department homepages throughout the world, and much more, including travel resources for London and Manchester. A must-click for any literature enthusiast.

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More about Elizabeth Gaskell

Knutsford, Cheshire: A Virtual Experience
Visit Gaskell's hometown on the Web. Knutsford's official Web site features a continuing series on the author's life and works, including a Cranford walk around Knutsford, and QTVR panoramas of many landmarks and streets.

"Growing Heroines: Elizabeth Gaskell's Women"
A 1997 graduate of Hartwick College, (Oneonta, New York), Elizabeth Malcolm's English Literature senior thesis explores Gaskell's motherless heroines in Mary Barton, Cranford, Ruth, North and South, and Wives and Daughters.

The Gaskell E-mail Discussion List
Interested in the life and works of Elizabeth Gaskell? Share your enthusiasm with other fans around the world, and join The Gaskell Society's e-mail discussion list. You may also contribute your notices, questions, and general information on other issues and authors relating to Victorian England.

Arthur's Classic Novels
This site features over 1000 novels and collections in XML, including the works of Elizabeth Gaskell. At this time, the only browsers which support XML are Internet Explorer 5 and Opera.

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19th C British Women Writers

A Celebration of Women Writers
Developed at the University of Pennsylvania, A Celebration of Women Writers recognizes the contributions of women writers throughout history, and seeks to promote awareness of the breadth and variety of women's writing. Search by country, century, or by author's name. The information on British Women Writers is particularly plentiful, with many links to additional information, but it's also an excellent resource for anyone interested in less traditional literary paths, or of more diverse literary traditions.

The Victorian Women Writers Project
Features accurate transcriptions of works by British women writers of the 19th century. Perry Willett, General Editor of the VWWP, combines his subject knowledge with an expertise in electronic texts. (Mr. Willett is also Subject and Area Librarian for English and American Literature, and Philosophy at Indiana University.)

19th Century @ Women Writers
This bi-annual eZine dedicated to women writers is edited by Kim Wells, a Ph.D. candidate at Texas A&M. Enjoy a large collection of links, reviews and scholarly articles on women authors, as well as original fiction and poetry.

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British Class and Lifestyle

Queen Victoria's World
This site, managed by Dr. Bruce Rosen, Adjunct Research Fellow at the University of South Australia, focuses on city life in Victorian England. Learn the distinction between the clubs and pubs for the upper and middle classes, and the options for the working class. Consider the debate that raged over prostitution, and learn more about popular English amusements like the Punch and Judy show. Recommended.

Jessamyn's Regency Costume Companion
David and Jessamyn Reeves-Brown share their interest in historical costume, creating a Web site on fashion ideas and trends from 1790 to 1825. They include information that they've gathered in their own pursuit of costuming materials, including photographs of textiles and patterns. Feel out-of-place grocery shopping in your corset and gown? Search a list of events to wear your creations to.

Class in Great Expectations
Centered on the characters in Great Expectations, this essay defines the major classes in Victorian England.

Victorian Station
This independently produced site from a husband and wife duo of Victoriana fans features extensive resources on the Victorian lifestyle, in addition to historical information. Learn the 'street rules' for ladies and gentlemen, read about their mourning rituals, listen to a Victorian playlist and sample some recipes from the 1860s.

City of Shadows : A Gothic Tour of Victorian London
Elizabeth Stegenga is working towards her degree in Victorian Literature, specializing in women writers, and has created this Web site devoted to Victorian London. Learn more about the artists and authors of Victorian England, browse period photographs of people and places, explore the period's seedier side through tales of crime and hauntings. Also features extensive links to social history resources.

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Victorian Web Sites

Victoria Research Web
The Victoria Research Web is a scholarly collection of resources, dedicated to the study of nineteenth-century Britain, and to aiding researchers, teachers, and students in their investigations of this fascinating period. Find the practical information you need, whether it's an archive catalogue, a bibliography, a listserv address, a sample syllabus, a place to stay in London, or a journal's submission guidelines. Created and maintained by Patrick Leary, a doctoral student of history at Indiana University.

Literary Resources - Victorian British
Jack Lynch, Assistant Professor of English at Rutgers University, has assembled this impressive list of Victorian links, including societies and journals, authors, theatre, and more general sites.

The Victorian Web
This site has been evolving in various forms since 1985. Today The Victorian Web is an internet resource for all English literature courses at Brown University that include that period. Its content addresses the social, literary and economic tenor of the times. It is searchable, and includes both a bibliography and a list of additional Web resources. George P. Landow, Professor of English and Art History at Brown University, designed and edited the entire site.

San Antonio College Victorian Literature Index
Dr. Roger Blackwell Bailey, Professor of English, maintains this site, featuring information on many Victorian authors, with links to their major works and e-texts, where available, as well as suggested biographical reading.

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Elizabeth Gaskell: Works, Biography and Criticism

By Gaskell:
Mary Barton
The Moorland Cottage
North and South
The Life of Charlotte Brontë
My Lady Ludlow
A Dark Night's Work
Sylvia's Lovers
Cousin Phillis
Wives and Daughters

Barry, James D. Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1974.

D'Albertis, Deirdre. Dissembling Fictions: Elizabeth Gaskell and the Victorian Social Text. September 1997.

Easson, Angus (ed.). Elizabeth Gaskell: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1991.

Gerin, Winifred. Elizabeth Gaskell: A Biography. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1976.

Hughes, Linda K. & Michael Lund. Victorian Publishing and Mrs. Gaskell's Work. Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 1999.

Lenard, Mary. Preaching Pity : Dickens, Gaskell, and Sentimentalism in Victorian Culture (Studies in Nineteenth-Century British Literature, Vol. 11). Peter Lang Publishing, July 1999.

Schor, Hilary M. Scheherezade in the Marketplace: Elizabeth Gaskell and the Victorian Novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Spencer, Jane. Elizabeth Gaskell. London: Macmillan, 1991.

Uglow, Jenny. Elizabeth Gaskell: A Habit of Stories. London: Faber and Faber, 1993.

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19th Century British Women Writers

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic : The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. Yale University Press, September 2000.

Jenkins, Ruth Y. Reclaiming Myths of Power: Women Writers and the Victorian Spiritual Crisis. London: Associated University Press, 1995.

Rogers, Katherine M. and William McCarthy (Editor). The Meridian Anthology of Early Women Writers : British Literary Women from Aphra Behn to Maria Edgeworth, 1660-1800. New American Library Trade, June 1987.

Showalter, Elaine. A Literature of Their Own: British Women Novelists from Brontë to Lessing. Princeton University Press, expanded edition, December 1998.

Wilson, Carol Shiner and Joel Haefner (Editor). Re-Visioning Romanticism : British Women Writers, 1776-1837. University of Pennsylvania Press, December 1994.

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19th Century British Life

Houghton, Walter Edwards. The Victorian Frame of Mind, 1830-1870. Yale University Press, December 1963.

Langland, Elizabeth. Nobody's Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Mitchell, Sally. Daily Life in Victorian England. Greenwood Publishing Group, October 1996.

Pool, Daniel. What Jane Austen Ate and Charles Dickens Knew : From Fox Hunting to Whist-The Facts of Daily Life in Nineteenth-Century England. Touchstone Books, April 1994.

Stephens, Autumn. Wild Women : Crusaders, Curmudgeons, and Completely Corsetless Ladies in the Otherwise Virtuous Victorian Era. Conari Press, November, 1992.

Vicinus, Martha (Editor). Suffer and Be Still: Women in the Victorian Age. Indiana University Press, October 1973.

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