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Lord and Lady
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The word "lord" was used to refer to a member of the peerage and as a form of address -- the earl of Cumnor was addressed as "Lord Cumnor." It was also a "courtesy title" given to an aristocrat's oldest son. Younger sons would be known as "Lord" only with the addition of their Christian name and surname -- "Lord Thomas Alger."

"Lady" was used to address the wife of a peer below the rank of duke. (A duke's wife was addressed as "Duchess" or "Your Grace." "Lady" was also used for the wife of a baronet or knight (who were titled, but were not peers), for the daughter of a duke, marquis, or earl (such as Lord Cumnor's daughter, Lady Harriet) or for the wife of a younger son of a duke or marquis.

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