If hair is found at a bomb explosion site, it may be of some help in determining who set the bomb.
When a strand of hair is studied under a microscope, it definitively reveals:
It might also reveal:
- the ethnic background of the individual
- where on the body the hair came from
*This only works if hair from a suspect's head is compared with hair found at the bomb site very
soon after the explosion.
- overall color
- whether the hair was chemically treated
- whether the hair was forcibly removed or shed
- how the hair was cut*
Where the hair was found makes a difference to the investigator. Hair found in debris is relatively
useless, since it is hard to prove that it "belongs" to the bomb site. Hair found on a piece of tape
near the explosion is much more valuable.
It may seem surprising that hair is found at all after an explosion. Keep in mind that, on average,
humans shed about 100 hairs a day. A criminal may shed hair while taping a bomb together, and that
hair can get stuck to a piece of tape. When the bomb explodes, the tape around it flies off very
quickly, sometimes ahead of the flames.
After a series of tests are performed on the bomb site hair sample, the investigator might ask to
see hair from the suspect's head. The "known" hair sample is subjected to all the same tests as the
bomb site sample, and then the known hair and bomb site hair are studied side by side under a
The kind of information an investigator can glean from these tests is helpful, but, afterward, the
investigator is only able to say that a piece of hair might have come from a particular
More definitive hair tests
When a strand of hair is found intact - with the root, or bulb, in place - it can be subjected to
regular DNA testing. The reason the root or bulb needs to be intact is that the amount of DNA in a
shaft, or strand, of hair is insufficient for analysis. Hair with the root intact will have cells
attached to it that are from the living tissue of the scalp. This living tissue will contain enough
DNA for a specialist to analyze.
Recently, another kind of DNA testing has been used to analyze hair: Mitochondrial DNA testing.
Examining other physical evidence:
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