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Cancer Warrior
How Cancer Grows
5. Third mutation
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Third mutation

Not all mutations that lead to cancerous cells result in the cells reproducing at a faster, more uncontrolled rate. For example, a mutation may simply cause a cell to keep from self-destructing. All normal cells have surveillance mechanisms that look for damage or for problems with their own control systems. If such problems are found, the cell destroys itself.

Over time and after many cell divisions, a third mutation may arise. If the mutation gives the cell some further advantage, that cell will grow more vigorously than its predecessors and thus speed up the growth of the tumor.

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1. DNA of a normal cell | 2. Mutation of DNA | 3. Genetically altered cell | 4. Spread and second mutation | 5. Third mutation | 6. Fourth mutation | 7. Breaking through the membrane | 8. Angiogenesis | 9. Invasion and dispersal | 10. Tumor cells travel | 11. Metastasis


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