Treasures of the Earth

How have Earth’s most extraordinary natural resources driven the rise of civilization? A three-part series airing November 2, November 9, and November 16 on PBS A three-part series airing November 2, November 9, and November 16 on PBS

Program Description

"Treasures of the Earth:  Gems, Metals, and Power" is a 3-part series that will take us on a journey deep inside Earth to uncover the mysteries of how these treasures were created, and to explore how they have allowed humankind to progress and build our great civilizations. But even as that quest continues, we are discovering that some of our treasures may soon run out or have unintended consequences that bring new perils. Can our ancient treasures reveal new secrets that will help us solve the problems we face today?  

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Treasures of the Earth: Gems

What processes in the depths of the Earth forge beautiful and precious stones? Airing November 2, 2016 at 9 pm on PBS Aired November 2, 2016 on PBS

Program Description

Their beauty has captivated us for millennia. Their cost can be extraordinary–some are even considered priceless. Precious gems like diamonds, rubies, emeralds, opal, and jade are the ultimate treasures of the earth, and each one is made from a specific–and often torturous–recipe of chemistry, pressure, and heat. The secrets to their sparkle, color, and even strength lie deep inside the gems themselves, but could they also hold clues to one of the most enduring mysteries in the field of geology? From Tiffany’s workshop in New York to the sapphire mines of Sri Lanka, from North Carolina’s emerald fields to the jade-laden Forbidden City of China, join NOVA in the first episode of a 3-part series, "Treasures of the Earth," as we explore the fascinating science of gems.

Broadcast Credits

WRITTEN, PRODUCED, AND DIRECTED BY
Doug Hamilton
SERIES DIRECTOR
Kate Dart
EDITED BY
Jedd Erhmann
DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Piers Leigh
CAMERA
Dan Krauss
Bruce Liffiton
Daniel Traub
Rich White
Paul Bowen
Sung Chul Jung
Ho Yeon Song
NARRATED BY
Jay O. Sanders
ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS
Avner Tavori
Jackie Gao
SOUND RECORDISTS
Rick Albright
Tim Camarda
Gabe Monts
Yanbo Wu
Brenden Huyssen
Geoff Pennington
Jason Mangini
Jeremy Zunk
Mike Mapes
Percy Urgena
Dong Whan Kim
Sang Jin Byun
ADDITIONAL EDITING
Benedict Jackson
VOICE OVER
Maria Souza
MUSIC
CheeWei Tay
ANIMATION
Mitch Butler Explain-O-Graphics, LLC
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Evan Anthony
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
MUSIC MIX
Doug Brady
RESEARCH
Ruo Ruo Zhao
Baifang Liu
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
David Barlow
Bloomberg Video/Getty Images
Crossrail
ESA/Hubble (M. Kornmesser)
ESA/Hubble/L. Calcada
Europejski Instytut Miedzi
Framepool
The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); G. Bacon, T. Davis, L. Frattare, Z. Levay, and F. Summers (Viz 3D team, STScI); ESO
Humanoid Productions
Museum of London Archaeology
NASA/CXC/April Jubett
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
NASA/JPL-Caltech
NASA/MSFC
Pioneer Productions
Pond5
Science Photo Library
Scientific Research Center for Laser Technology
Sotheby 2016
STScI
ten:one Productions
Wikimedia
SPECIAL THANKS
Jean Demouthe
Gemological Institute of America
Al Gilbertson
George Harlow
Shaunna Morrison
Jeffery Post
Richard P. Vinci
Harold and Erica Van Pelt Photography
Chenjongsa
City of Placerville
Goldbug Mine
Jungwon National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
LS Nikko Copper Inc.
Robert Lowther, Imperial College Rock Library
University College London
Renee Rogers
FOR PIONEER
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Helen Wollner
SERIES RESEARCHER
Macalister Bexon
RESEARCHERS
Clementine Cheetham
Emma Houghton-Brown
FOR CHINA INTERNATIONAL TELEVISION CORPORATION
PRESENTER
Jijun Xue
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Shiding Tang
SUPERVISOR
Linlin Zhang
PRODUCERS
Lin Zhang
Lin Sun
LINE PRODUCERS
Xiao Zhang
Xiaodi Wang
Yixin Duan
MARKETING SALES
Danxiang Cai Yin Xiong Pengfei Xie Haiping Ren
PROOFREAD EDITOR
Wenhe Wang
DIRECTOR OF CHINESE PARTNER
Bing Han
ASSISTANT TO DIRECTOR
Pengkai Xia
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
POST PRODUCTION ONLINE EDITOR
Spencer Gentry
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
RESEARCH
Ana Aceves
SENIOR SCIENCE RESEARCHER
Caitlin Saks
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Anne Barleon
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
RIGHTS MANAGER
Lauren Miller
BUSINESS MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Michael H. Amundson
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
DIRECTOR, BUSINESS OPERATIONS & FINANCE
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
DEPUTY EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Julia Cort
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A NOVA production co-produced by Pioneer Film and Television Productions Limited with China International TV Corporation with CCTV-10 and PAAN Media Holdings Co., Limited, with KBS Korea in association with PBSd, for WGBH and KBS

A NOVA Production by Hamilton Land and Cattle, Inc. for WGBH Boston.

© 2016 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

Original funding for this program was provided by Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Farmers Insurance, the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the George D. Smith Fund and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (Tiffany diamond necklace)
© WGBH Educational Foundation 2016

Participants

Deborah Berebichez
Physicist
Lung S. Chan
The University of Hong Kong
Lisa Dong
Beijing Colourful Yunnan, Ltd
Robert Hazen
Deep Carbon Observatory
Jamie Hill
North American Emerald Mine
Michael Kaufman
Master Diamond Cutter
Melvyn Kirtley
Tiffany & Co.
Andrew Lucas
Gemological Institute of America
Anthony Melonas
Opal Miner
Duncan Pay
Gemological Institute of America
Jeffrey Post
Smithsonian Institution
Michael "Scotty" Scott
Former Apple CEO
Andrea Sella
University College London
Steven Shirey
Carnegie Institution for Science
Ed Speer
Speer Minerals
Ronnie Vanderlinden
U.S. Jewelry Council
Richard P. Vinci
Lehigh University
Lin Xu
The Palace Museum

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Treasures of the Earth: Metals

What is it about the nature of metals that have made them a pillar of human civilization? Airing November 9, 2016 at 9 pm on PBS Aired November 9, 2016 on PBS

Program Description

The enduring luster of gold, the conductivity of copper, the strength of steel—the special properties of metals have reshaped societies and defined eras; they have such an important role in human history that entire ages have been named after them. But what gives metals their astounding characteristics? From the perfect ring of a bronze bell to the awe-striking steel construction of Beijing’s “Bird’s Nest” stadium, how have humans perfected metalworking? And how have metals enabled our modern hi-tech world? Explore the science of metals with chemists and engineers as they literally test the mettle of metals and investigate how these remarkable materials have ushered humanity from the Stone Age to the stars.

Broadcast Credits

WRITTEN, PRODUCED, AND DIRECTED BY
Terri Randall
SERIES DIRECTOR
Kate Dart
EDITED BY
Jedd Ehrmann
DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Piers Leigh
CAMERA
Joseph Friedman
Daniel Traub
Mike Coles
Max Branigan
Rich White
Paul Bowen
Sung Chul Jung
Ho Yeon Song
NARRATED BY
Jay O. Saunders
ASSOCIATE PRODUCERS
Avner Tavori
Jackie Gao
SOUND RECORDISTS
Rick Albright
Mike Allmendinger
Yanbo Wu
Brenden Huyssen
Geoff Pennington
Jason Mangini
Jeremy Zunk
Mike Mapes
Percy Urgena
Dong Whan Kim
Sang Jin Byun
ADDITIONAL EDITING
Benedict Jackson
VOICEOVER
Perry Yung
MUSIC
CheeWei Tay
APM
ANIMATION
Mitch Butler Explain-O-Graphics, LLC
TRANSLATION
Ruo Ruo Zhao
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Evan Anthony
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
MUSIC MIX
Doug Brady
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
ACS NanoAcademy of Copper
Arup
Aurinko | Dreamstime.com
David Barlow
CEVM Eiffage/Foster & partners
Corbis
Cornell University
Crossrail
ESA
Ewa Seniczak — Scibior — Dreamstime
Flickr — Patrick Gillespie
Flickr — Rich701
Framepool
Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society
Getty Images
Goddard Space Flight Center — NASA
Hubei Provincial Museum
Humanoid Productions
iStock
JPL — NASA
Lehigh University
Library of Congress
NASA
National Library of Medicine
National Museum of Korea
Niobec Inc.
Pioneer Productions
Polish Copper Promotion Center
Pond5
Prelinger Archives
Rinus Baak- Dreamstime.com
Sapa Extrusion North America
Schenley Laboratories Inc.
Science Photo Library
Shutterstock
STScI
The Copper Development Association, Inc.
University of New South Wales
Vladvitek- Dreamstime.com
Mengxing Wang
Wikimedia
SPECIAL THANKS
David Cranstone
Daryl Lovell
Ilse van Meerbeek
Justine Bayley
Shefford P. Baker
Todd Hufnagel
Marc Willinger
Chenjongsa
City of Placerville
Goldbug Mine
Jungwon National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
LS Nikko Copper Inc.
Robert Lowther, Imperial College Rock Library
University College London
FOR PIONEER
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Helen Wollner
SERIES RESEARCHER
Macalister Bexon
RESEARCHERS
Clementine Cheetham
Emma Houghton-Brown
FOR CHINA INTERNATIONAL TELEVISION CORPORATION
PRESENTER
Jijun Xue
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Shiding Tang
SUPERVISOR
Linlin Zhang
PRODUCERS
Lin Zhang
Lin Sun
LINE PRODUCERS
Xiao Zhang Xiaodi Wang Yixin Duan
MARKETING SALES
Danxiang Cai
Yin Xiong
Pengfei Xie
Haiping Ren
PROOFREAD EDITOR
Wenhe Wang
DIRECTOR OF CHINESE PARTNER
Bing Han
ASSISTANT TO DIRECTOR
Pengkai Xia
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
POST PRODUCTION ONLINE EDITOR
Spencer Gentry
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
RESEARCH
Ana Aceves
SENIOR SCIENCE RESEARCHER
Caitlin Saks
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Anne Barleon
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
RIGHTS MANAGER
Lauren Miller
BUSINESS MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Michael H. Amundson
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
DIRECTOR, BUSINESS OPERATIONS & FINANCE
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
DEPUTY EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Julia Cort
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A NOVA production co-produced by Pioneer Film and Television Productions Limited with China International TV Corporation with CCTV-10 and PAAN Media Holdings Co., Limited, with KBS Korea in association with PBSd, for WGBH and KBS

A NOVA production by Terri Randall Productions for WGBH Boston.

© 2016 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

Original funding for this program was provided by Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Farmers Insurance, the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the George D. Smith Fund and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (melting gold)
© WGBH Educational Foundation 2016

Participants

Edo Berger
Harvard University
Jeanette Caines
Jewelry Arts Inc.
Helen M. Chan
Lehigh University
Anjana Khatwa Ford
Jurassic Coast
Joel D. Green
STScl
Jigao Hu
Archaeologist
Jueming Hua
University of Science & Technology, Beijing
Bill Keevil
Southampton University
Michael Kwok
Arup
Marcos Martinón-Torres
University College London
Matt Mountain
AURA
David Muller
Cornell University
Veena Sahaj
University of New South Wales
Andrea Sella
University College London
Robert Shepherd
Cornell University
Aomawa Shields
UCLA
Meredith Silberstein
Cornell University
Richard P. Vinci
Lehigh University

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Treasures of the Earth: Power

Drill underground to see the treasures that power our world—today and into the future. Airing November 16, 2016 at 9 pm on PBS Aired November 16, 2016 on PBS

Program Description

Drill down to discover the treasures beneath our feet that power our world. Fossil fuels–coal, oil, and natural gas–powered the industrial revolution and allowed us to build a way of life that many cherish today. Personal cars, planes, lights, hot showers–all of these are gifts from our fossil fuels… but they have a dirty dark side in that they are polluting the planet. What is it about these natural resources that has allowed them to fuel our civilization? What secrets are locked in their molecules? Where did that energy come from, and can we find alternative energy resources that come in a cleaner form? The hunt is on for new treasures that might allow us to power our modern way of life without damaging the environment. Join NOVA as we explore the resources that both power and pollute, from modern-day oil prospecting in California, to a mega-city utility company struggling to keep the lights on during hot summer days, to China where an engineer strives to solve one of the greatest obstacles to the success of solar power. Travel the globe to see how our energy treasures are changing—and if they can keep the lights on.

Broadcast Credits

WRITTEN, PRODUCED, AND DIRECTED BY
Doug Hamilton
SERIES DIRECTOR
Kate Dart
EDITED BY
Jedd Erhmann
DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Piers Leigh
CAMERA
Bruce Liffiton
Daniel Traub
Paul Bowen
Sung Chul Jung
Ho Yeon Song
NARRATED BY
Jay O. Sanders
ASSOCIATE PRODUCER
Avner Tavori
Jackie Gao
SOUND RECORDISTS
Tim Camarda
Yanbo Wu
Brenden Huyssen
Geoff Pennington
Jason Mangini
Jeremy Zunk
Mike Mapes
Percy Urgena
Dong Whan Kim
Sang Jin Byun
ADDITIONAL EDITING
Benedict Jackson
VOICE OVER
Schecter Lee
MUSIC
Chee Wei Tay
ANIMATION
Mitch Butler Explain-O-Graphics, LLC
ONLINE EDITOR AND COLORIST
Evan Anthony
AUDIO MIX
Heart Punch Studio
MUSIC MIX
Doug Brady
RESEARCH
Ruo Ruo Zhao
Baifang Liu
ARCHIVAL MATERIAL
David Barlow
Crossrail
ESA/Hubble (M. Kornmesser)
ESA/Hubble/L. Calcada
Europejski Instytut Miedzi
Framepool
The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); G. Bacon, T. Davis, L. Frattare, Z. Levay, and F. Summers (Viz 3D team, STScI); ESO
Humanoid Productions
Museum of London Archaeology
NASA/CXC/April Jubett
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
NASA/JPL-Caltech
NASA/MSFC
Pioneer Productions
Pond5
Science Photo Library
STScI
ten:one Productions
Wikimedia
SPECIAL THANKS
Ben Brabson
Shaunna Morrison
Richard P. Vinci
Chenjongsa
City of Placerville
Goldbug Mine
Jungwon National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
LS Nikko Copper Inc.
Robert Lowther, Imperial College Rock Library
University College London
FOR PIONEER
PRODUCTION MANAGER
Helen Wollner
SERIES RESEARCHER
Macalister Bexon
RESEARCHERS
Clementine Cheetham
Emma Houghton-Brown
FOR CHINA INTERNATIONAL TELEVISION CORPORATION
PRESENTER
Jijun Xue
EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Shiding Tang
SUPERVISOR
Linlin Zhang
PRODUCERS
Lin Zhang
Lin Sun
LINE PRODUCERS
Xiao Zhang
Xiaodi Wang
Yixin Duan
MARKETING SALES
Danxiang Cai
Yin Xiong
Pengfei Xie
Haiping Ren
PROOFREAD EDITOR
Wenhe Wang
DIRECTOR OF CHINESE PARTNER
Bing Han
ASSISTANT TO DIRECTOR
Pengkai Xia
NOVA SERIES GRAPHICS
yU + co.
NOVA THEME MUSIC
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.
ADDITIONAL NOVA THEME MUSIC
Ray Loring
Rob Morsberger
CLOSED CAPTIONING
The Caption Center
POST PRODUCTION ONLINE EDITOR
Spencer Gentry
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Jennifer Welsh
PUBLICITY
Eileen Campion
Eddie Ward
RESEARCH
Diane Toomey
SENIOR SCIENCE RESEARCHER
Caitlin Saks
NOVA ADMINISTRATOR
Anne Barleon
PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Linda Callahan
PARALEGAL
Sarah Erlandson
TALENT RELATIONS
Janice Flood
LEGAL COUNSEL
Susan Rosen
DIGITAL MANAGING PRODUCER
Kristine Allington
SENIOR DIGITAL EDITOR
Tim De Chant
DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL MEDIA
Lauren Aguirre
RIGHTS MANAGER
Lauren Miller
BUSINESS MANAGER
Ariam McCrary
POST PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brittany Flynn
SUPERVISING PRODUCER
Kevin Young
POST PRODUCTION EDITOR
Michael H. Amundson
BROADCAST MANAGER
Nathan Gunner
COORDINATING PRODUCER
Elizabeth Benjes
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCER
David Condon
PROJECT DIRECTOR
Pamela Rosenstein
DIRECTOR, BUSINESS OPERATIONS & FINANCE
Laurie Cahalane
SENIOR SCIENCE EDITOR
Evan Hadingham
SENIOR PRODUCER
Chris Schmidt
SENIOR SERIES PRODUCER
Melanie Wallace
DEPUTY EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Julia Cort
MANAGING DIRECTOR
Alan Ritsko
SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Paula S. Apsell

A NOVA production co-produced by Pioneer Film and Television Productions Limited with China International TV Corporation with CCTV-10 and PAAN Media Holdings Co., Limited, with KBS Korea in association with PBSd, for WGBH and KBS

A NOVA Production by Hamilton Land and Cattle, Inc. for WGBH Boston.

© 2016 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved

This program was produced by WGBH, which is solely responsible for its content.

Original funding for this program was provided by Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Farmers Insurance, the David H. Koch Fund for Science, the George D. Smith Fund and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

IMAGE:

Image credit: (Ravenswood Power Plant)
© Doug Hamilton

Participants

Paul Ekins
University College London
Zhiqiang Feng
Trina Solar
Janice Gillespie
California State University, Bakersfield
Liz Hajek
Penn State University
Robert Hazen
Deep Carbon Observatory
John Holdren
White House Office of Sci & Tech Policy
Craig Ivey
Con Edison
Hanmin Liu
Zhangbei Battery Storage Project
Rabi Musah
University at Albany, SUNY
Thomas Quartuccio
Ravenswood Generating Station
Andrea Sella
University College London
Dwight Williams
Ravenswood Generating Station
Taylor Wilson
University of Nevada

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