Motherhood after Menopause
Medical technology now offers at least 18 different ways to make a baby, allowing post-menopausal women to conceive, single-sex couples to have children, and children to have as many as three mothers" (genetic, birth, and social) and two "fathers" (genetic and social). As fertility options increase, so do the issues surrounding children born by these methods. Read one case study below and consider some of the complexities involved with these technologies.
Motherhood After Menopause
To gain entrance into the fertility program, which has an upper age limit of 55, Arceli tells doctors she is 50 years old. At that time, she is 60. Arceli passes all the medical tests she is given, including a treadmill test and variety of blood tests.
Arceli has already been through menopause, and is no longer producing her own eggs. She and Isagani go to a fertility clinic for in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments, in which eggs from an anonymous younger donor are fertilized with Isagani's sperm and then implanted in Arceli's womb, which is made ready for pregnancy by hormones. The couple spend about $50,000 on infertility treatments.
On November 7, 1996—after going through five IVF transfer cycles—the Keh's have a baby girl, named Cynthia. Arceli is 63-years-old when she gives birth.