NOVA

Missing in MiG Alley

Teacher Handout

Historian Fact Sheet


Historians are not in agreement on many figures. The column titled "Number Killed" shows only battle deaths and does not take into account civilian casualties, which are even more subject to debate. Not all combatants are listed for all wars.

War/Conflict

Theater

Combatant

Number Killed

World War I: 1914–1918

Europe, Middle East

Austria-Hungary

1,200,000

British Empire

908,400

Bulgaria

87,500

France

1,357,800

Germany

1,773,700

Italy

650,000

Russia (USSR born in 1922)

1,700,000

Turkey

325,000

United States

116,500



War/Conflict

Theater

Combatant

Number Killed

World War II: 1939–1945

Europe, Asia, Pacific

China

2,200,000

France

210,700

Germany

3,500,000

Great Britain

329,200

Italy

77,500

Japan

1,219,000

Soviet Union

7,500,000

United States

405,400



War/Conflict

Theater

Combatant

Number Killed

Korean War: 1950–1953

Korea

China

460,000

North Korea

316,600

Other United Nations Forces

3,200

South Korea

58,100

United States

36,500



War/Conflict

Theater

Combatant

Number Killed

Vietnam Conflict: 1965–1973

South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia

North Vietnam/Viet Cong

1,000,000

South Vietnam

224,000

United States

58,200



War/Conflict

Theater

Combatant

Number Killed

Persian Gulf War: 1990–1991

Iraq

Coalition Troops

345

Iraq

25,000


Sources: Strachan, Hew. "World War I," 2007; Stokesbury, James L. "World War II," 2007; Gardner, Lloyd C. "Korean War," 2007; Gilbert, Marc Jason. "Vietnam War," 2007; Deese, David A. "Persian Gulf War of 1991," 2007; World Book Online Reference. "American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics," 2005. The Library of Congress.




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