The Polish town of Oswiecim (Auschwitz) chosen as the site of a new Nazi concentration camp.
First deportations from Pomerania (Stettin, Stralsund, Schneidemuehl) to Lublin, Poland.
Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
High Command of the Armed Forces issues secret order: Discharge persons of mixed blood and husbands of Jewish women.
First guarded ghetto established in Lodz, Poland.
Rudolf Höss chosen as kommandant of Auschwitz.
Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and France.
The Nazis occupy Paris.
French army surrenders. Marshall Philippe Petain signs an armistice with Germany.
Eichmann presents his Madagascar Plan, proposing to deport all European Jews to the island of Madagascar off Africa.
Anti-Jewish laws passed in Romania.
Vichy government in France passes anti-Jewish laws (Statut des Juifs) that go beyond German legislation at that time.
German troops enter Romania.
Nazis issue order for the establishment of the Warsaw Ghetto.
"Aktion Burckel": Deportation of Jews from Alsace-Lorraine, Saarland, and Baden to southern France, then, in 1942, to Auschwitz.
Nazis seal off the Warsaw Ghetto.
Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia join the Axis powers.
Photos: Courtesy of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
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