Auschwitz prisoners greet Soviet
troops during liberation in January, 1945.
Soviet troops liberate 800 Jews at Czestochowa and 870 in Lodz.
Soviet troops liberate Warsaw. Liberation of 80,000 Jews in Budapest. Nazis
evacuate Auschwitz and "Death March" of prisoners begins.
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
American troops reach the Rhine River.
Hitler orders destruction of all German military, industrial, transportation,
and communications facilities to prevent them from falling under enemy
Allies discover Nazi-stolen art and wealth hidden in salt mines.
Evacuation of 15,000 Jews from Buchenwald.
Three young survivors stand
behind a barbed-wire fence at Buchenwald, April 1945.
American troops liberate Buchenwald. President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes
British troops liberate concentration camp Bergen-Belsen southeast of
American troops occupy Nuremberg.
Soviet troops near Berlin.
April 23-May 4
Evacuation of inmates from concentration camps Sachsenhausen and Ravensbruck.
SS guards conduct last massacre of Jews.
Meeting of American and Soviet troops on the Elbe River in Germany.
Mussolini captured and hanged by Italian partisans.
Dachau concentration camp, May 1945.
American troops liberate Dachau.
Hitler commits suicide.
Berlin capitulates. Representatives of International Red Cross take over at
Liberation of Mauthausen.
Unconditional surrender of Germany: end of war in Europe.
V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
Hermann Göring was sentenced to death at the International Military
Tribunal trial of war criminals at Nuremberg. Just two hours before his
scheduled execution on October 15, 1946, however, Göring committed suicide
by swallowing a cyanide pill he had managed to smuggle into prison.
U.S. troops capture Göring.
Himmler captured and commits suicide.
Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over government.
United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco.
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Japan surrenders: end of World War II.
United Nations officially born.
Start of Nuremberg Trials. Trials end January 10, 1946, with 12 defendants
sentenced to death, three to life imprisonment, four to various prison terms,
and three acquitted.
Photos: Courtesy of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
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