Paleopathologist Nancy Tayles of the University of Otago reports that the bone
development, tooth wear, and knitting together of the skull bones indicate that
the woman died when she was about 35 years old. Very few people at Khok Phanom
Di survived to a greater age. One person died in the late forties, but those
who reached adulthood were lucky to reach 30. Many infants died at birth—more than half the human beings found in the earlier phases were newborns.
Although there was an abundance of food in the region, residents still had to
cope with the dangers of living in a tropical mangrove habitat, with its
malaria, intestinal parasites, and other natural hazards.