Nature's Pharmacy

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Cinchona tree

Cinchona tree
For centuries, Native Peruvians used dried bark from the South American cinchona tree for various medicinal purposes, including as a muscle relaxant and fever reducer. In the 1600s, Europeans began treating malaria patients with the bark. Finally, in 1820, French chemists Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Caventou extracted quinine from the bark, which became the first pure chemical isolated from a plant and utilized against a specific disease.

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